The Segregation Of Topeka. Brown Vs. Board Of Education Essay

1303 Words Apr 15th, 2015 6 Pages
In 1954, an extensive amount of the United States schools were racially segregated, due to the legal decision of Plessy vs. Ferguson in 1896, which stated the segregated facilities were constitutional as long as they were equal to each other. In the early 1950’s NAACP lawyers conveyed action lawsuits on behalf of African American children and their families in the states Kansas, South Carolina, Delaware and Virginia to allow black children the right to attend in all white school. The US Supreme Court decided to conjoin the five cases together and give it one name, Oliver Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka. Brown vs. Board of Education was filed against a public school in Topeka, Kansas by an African American named Oliver brown whose daughter was denied access to a white public school in Topeka. Brown stated that the racial segregation of the Topeka school violated the Constitution’s Equal Protection Clause because the white and black schools were far from equal and would never be. The federal court dismissed the case ruling that the schools were indeed equal enough to be constitutional under the Plessy ruling. Brown took the case to the Supreme Court where they took a look at all five cases together. The court made a unanimous decision lead by Chief Justice Earl Warren that the schools in fact were not equal and violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, which states “no state shall make or enforce any law which shall ... deny to any person within…

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