The Science Of Fiqh ( Islamic Jurisprudence ) Essay

1126 Words May 19th, 2015 5 Pages
Many Muslims nowadays face a lot of questions and problems that did not exist at the time of the Prophet Muhammad SA or when the Quran was revealed and as such, have not been directly forbidden or even directly addressed. There are many examples of these, such as cars, TV, Internet, and our topic, smoking and drugs. This is not a new matter, and has been a problem for many centuries. To counter this problem, the science of fiqh(Islamic jurisprudence) was developed and scholars introduced a third source of Sharia law called qiyas. Very simply put, Qiyas is the process of deductive reasoning and is the process by which Quran and Hadith are compared to derive a new ruling from the two.
Most Muslims are aware of the major sins in Islam: usury, adultury, and shirk, andthey try their best to avoid them. Muslims are forbidden to harm themselves or others. As a matter of fact, commiting suicide in Islam is haraam and the punishment for it is Hellfire. Yet millions of Muslims all over the world are doing just that - harming, and slowly killing themselves and their families. Islamic scholars have historically had mixed views about tobacco, and until recently, cigarette smoking has not been forbidden or declared haraam.
The mixed views on the subject of smoking arose because cigarettes are a recent invention that did not exist at the time of the revelation of the Qur 'an or during the life of the Prophet. Consequently, there is no verse of Qur 'an or words of the Prophet saying…

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