The Scarce Reality Of Poverty: Ethiopia

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The Scarce Reality of Poverty: Ethiopia
Culture is defined as “the beliefs, customs, arts, etc., of a particular society, group, place, or time”, according to Merriam-Webster (2016). Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world, dating back as far as the 9th century B.C. The people of Ethiopia have a long history and a distinct culture. Unfortunately, Ethiopia became a place of poverty and suffering for the people who live there. Poverty is a reality in this country, but there is much more to learn about Ethiopia. It is important to understand the differences between cultures so that we may better understand our similarities. When met with other cultures, it is possible to be offended without knowing it. Taking time to do research
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The official name for of the country is the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and according to The World Fact Book (2016), the country is a Federal Parliamentary Republic. The government is made of three branches, legislative, judicial, and the legislative branches. The Prime Minister serves as the head of the government and the judiciary. According to the Official Ethiopian Parliament Website (2016), the leading political party is the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front, which formed by the merging of four political parties. The capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa; it is the oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in the world. The population of Ethiopia is around 100 million people. The country is made of two major religious groups with 60 percent Christian and 30 percent Muslim. There are over 90 languages spoken in Ethiopia with the majority speaking Afro-Asiatic Cushitic. The Observatory of Economic Complexity (2016) ranks Ethiopia as 110th of 220 countries in the world in exporting. The country ranks 84th or 220 in imports at $16.4 billion, with a GDP of $1.5K GDP per capita putting them in 168th of 185. Overall, Ethiopia ranks 130th of 185 in economic complexity, Ethiopia’s largest import is refined petroleum, which makes up 20 percent of their total imports. Their largest export is also refined petroleum accounting for 19 percent of their total exports. Coffee, at 15 percent, accounts for the second largest exported product. The weak exports and relatively small gross domestic product are leading factors in the country’s poverty rate, The World Bank (2016) states that Ethiopia’s poverty rate is 29.6 percent, and is the second poorest country in the

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