Essay on The Rule Of Charlemagne As The Father Of Europe
Was Charlemagne the greatest ruler in European history? Many historians argue he was the greatest uniting force of Europe since the Roman Empire under the “Five Good Emperors” (Machiavelli 1503). My primary purpose of this essay is to examine the rule of Charlemagne and why he is often professed as the “Father of Europe”. With this objective in mind, I have studied the works of Rosamond McKitterick, Roger Collins, Alessandro Barbero, and Heinrich Fichtenau. Through these authors and historians I have gained understanding of Charlemagne 's religious and educational approaches, the creation of the Carolingian dynasty, and the military expansion of the Frankish kingdom in Western Europe. To examine the start of the Carolingian dynasty, you must look at the beginnings of the Carolingian rise to power.
INHERITANCE FROM FAMILY
Much of what Charles the Great accomplished started with his grandfather, Charles Martel. Martel turned back a Muslim campaign in 732 at the battle of Tours that, had it been allowed to continue, might have conquered Francia. While it was not the last of the muslim push into Francia it was a significant turning point (Fichtenau pg.13). He pronounced himself the “saviour of Christendom” and with this victory, the soldiers nicknamed him “The Hammer”. Between his victory in 732 and 737, Charles reorganized the kingdom of Burgundy, replacing many counts and dukes in the Frankish kingdom with his loyal supporters, thus strengthening his hold on…