Summary: The Early Industrial Revolution

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One of the most troubling times in Europe’s history occurred during the mid-eighteenth to mid-nineteenth century. This was when men, women, and children had to succumb to the terrible living and working conditions of the early Industrial Revolution. During this time period many families suffered from health, financial, and vast array of more problems. While the families struggled to make ends meet by sending their women and children out to work in the cruel factories there were few people who supported these individuals, who classically would not be working, making meager wages and increasing the amount of laborers available. Out to defend the working class were the Chartists who made a goal to improve working conditions in England. Working …show more content…
Supporters of industrialization used arguments to defend the actions of the factory workers. Supporter Samuel Smiles wrote two books titled Self-Help and Thrift, in which he included reasons why factory workers’ methods were useful. One of the most important reasons provided by Smile stated that the working class needed law and order provided to them by institutions in order to maintain happiness and well-being. Another argument provided by Smiles stated that men must learn how to give up self-indulgences and start to provided for their families more adequately than they had been before. If men did start to use their money in better manners, Smiles believed that their families would become better off and not be left with no money. The individuals who attempted to improve the conditions for workers in England, were called Chartists. Chartists sought after political suffrage to improve the housing conditions of the poor. In order to achieve such demands, the Chartists wrote up a list of grievances aimed toward the British House of Commons. These list of grievances were from the Peoples Petition of 1838. Their first demand was for universal suffrage, calling for the suffrage not to include the corrupted wealthy individuals. Their second demand was for a ballot, calling for frequent elections as they are essential. Their third and final demand was for an annual parliament, allowing the people to choose who they would nominate without restriction. Both the supporters of industrialization and the Chartists used methods to justify the side they were supporting, however the most reasonable to side with would be the

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