The Role Of Human Nature In George Orwell's 1984

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Passion maximizes the opportunities of life, making it worth subsisting. Without the passion to pursue a meaningful activity or belief, life essentially surrenders its value. In relation to 1984 by George Orwell, the lives of the proles do not hold value to society because they lack a passion for anything and exist only with the simple goal of survival. Since the proles do not aim to achieve anything higher than survival, they consequently live deprived of essential experiences, feelings, and rights. However, they remain unbothered and accept this as the standard of living, never requesting change. As a result, society categorizes the proles as inhuman because they rarely analyze their civilization and seem undisturbed by their inadequate living conditions. Erich Fromm examines a …show more content…
1984 proves that human nature can, in fact, be altered as described by Erich Fromm. George Orwell illustrates through characterization of Winston that by stripping individuals of passion, like their “longing for freedom, for dignity, for integrity, for love”, human nature can be manipulated (Fromm 260).
Orwell’s 1984 primarily exhibits the idea that human nature can be controlled by destroying people’s passions and major belief systems through his development of Winston’s personality and Winston’s need “for dignity, for integrity” (Fromm 260). Orwell conveys this point to the reader by completely twisting Winston’s original character and moral perception at the end of the novel. Winston begins the novel as a strong minded, integral, realistic individual. However, the Party (featuring O’Brien) eventually degrades him until his sense of reality and personal beliefs are distorted. Winston’s initial transformation begins in the room with O’Brien at the Ministry of Love. In this scene, O’Brien attempts to alter Winston’s understandings and opinions of the world.

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