Essay The Republic By Plato Vs. Plato

1287 Words May 6th, 2015 6 Pages
The Republic by Plato is not a commandment in which all societies to adhere to. Instead, it is a dialogue proposing an ideal state where there are rulers and those who are ruled. Inherently known, there must be virtues established as well as a hierarchy of people who are in this society. Throughout the Republic, Plato imposes on Socrates and uses him as a mouthpiece to deliver the ideas. Even to this day, the comments in the Republic as well as the philosophical ideals implemented in this dialogue, are unknown as to whether Socrates himself has said it, or Plato. In Book 4 of the Republic, Plato discusses what virtues are in this ideal state and how it relates to the individual. For the first time, Plato shows the resemblance between the individual and the state and how the state is a macrocosm of the individual. Socrates has proven the existence of justice in the State; therefore, since the faculties of the individual correspond on a smaller scale to those of the State, justice must also exist in the individual, and more specifically, within the individual’s soul.
In order to reach the conclusion that the State is just, Plato first addresses three other virtues and tries to pinpoint where, or who has such virtue. The first discussed is the virtue wisdom. This can be thought of as true knowledge, something that Socrates has sought after Chaerephon has told him what the Oracle at Delphi said. In this ideal state, only those who are guardian, previously discussed in Book 3,…

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