The Regions Burial Practices Essay

808 Words Apr 21st, 2016 4 Pages
The regions burial practices indicate to researchers that Illyrians tend to be synonymous with large earthen mounds known as a tumulus, whereas the Greeks made use of flat graves (Galaty, 2002; Hammond, 1992; Harding, 1992; McIlvaine, 2012; Snodgrass, 2006; Stallo, 2007; Wilkes, 1992). During the Bronze Age, Illyrians would first place their dead in the center of these large earthen mounds (Ceka, 2005:3; Galaty, 2002:120; Hammond, 1992:33 Harding, 1992:18; McIlvaine, 2012:36; Stallo, 2007:9; Wilkes, 1992:105). Even after Roman rule of the area (229 BCE) some Illyrians still practiced this type of burial internment (Casson, 1926:300; Stallo, 2007:11; Wilkes, 1992:241). Many researchers believe that many of these tumuli memorials were visited, and even added to for several generations by Illyrian transhumant pastoralists (Hammond, 1992:34; Stallo, 2007:10).
A warrior chieftain would be laid in the center of a tumulus with his armour, then layers of dirt were placed on top until an earthen mound was created. Over time additional graves would be added to the mound (Galaty, 2002:120; Hammond, 1992:33; Stallo, 2007:10; Wilkes, 1992:127). In order for additional bodies to be placed inside a tumulus, shafts were created and then filled back in (Stallo, 2007:10). This way of inserting other members in the tumulus can sometimes make dating the occupants stratigraphically impossible. Therefore, dating of an internment is usually done through any archaeological material found…

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