By analyzing the current political positions of European leaders and policy makers on the refugee crisis I have come to the conclusion that the fear and threat of terrorism and the rising wave of xenophobia are the factors preventing a collective EU response to the refugee crisis.
The Common European Asylum System
In order to fully grasp what factors prevent an EU collective response, it is important to first analyze the policies in place for the EU to deal with the asylum seeking refugees. According to the European Commission, “Asylum is granted to people fleeing persecution or serious harm in their own country and therefore in need of international protection.” “Asylum is a fundamental right; granting it is an international obligation, under the 1951 Geneva Convention on the protection of refugees.” In the EU, an area of open borders and freedom of movement, member states need to have a joint approach to guarantee high standards of protection for refugees. With this in mind, EU member states have committed to establish a Common European Asylum System (CEAS) in 1999. The CEAS consists of a set of directives called Asylum Procedures, …show more content…
Many EU member states were already reluctant on being a part of the relocation agreement to relocate 160,000 refugees and the horrific terrorist attacks made matters even worse. Not only does terrorism breed fear and islamophobia it also feeds into the rise of these anti-immigrant right wing nationalist parties that have an underlying xenophobic rhetoric. To fully grasp the effect terrorism has had on an EU collective response, I will be analyzing the political positions of European leaders and policy makers on the refugee crisis after the terrorist attacks in Paris and more recently in Brussels and the rise of xenophobia in anti-immigrant right wing nationalist