The Reasons Behind The Declaration Of War Essay

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On April 12, 1861 the Southern Confederate forces declared war on the Northern Union forces at Fort Sumner in South Carolina after opening fire for 36 hours. Over the next four years, until April 9, 1865 when Robert E. Lee surrendered after the capture of Richmond, VA, was a gruesome war between North and South. Issues of trade, tariffs, state rights, and most importantly, slavery, were all reasons behind the declaration of war. Over the course of the four years, about 2.75 million men four for their side; 2 million for the Union and 750,000 for the Confederates.1 The Union soldiers fought to conserve the land and power they had with the South and the Confederates fought to defend the rights they thought they had. Although this war was thought to be fought over slavery, after Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, many African Americans rushed to sign up to help the whites. These African Americans were promised many things, like equal pay and labor, but never received them. African American soldiers who joined the Union fight during the Civil war were underestimated and treated unfairly because of their skin color, but played an important role in the war.
The first attempt to “form company” was a crucial test of faith of the new officer. No uniform clothing had been issued, and many of the recruits had scarcely rags enough to hide their nakedness. I confess that I was staggered, almost appalled, at the thought go the self-imposed task.…

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