The Ransom Theory Of Atonement

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When it comes to Jesus Christ many Christian thinkers and authors use story, metaphor, or parables to express their Christology. Gregory of Nyssa and Julian of Norwich are two examples. Their writings contain an illustration to illustrate the work of Jesus. For Gregory it is fishing and for Julian it is a story of the Lord and Servant. This essay unpacks these exemplifications thus uncovering the authors’ individual beliefs about the saving action of God for humanity through the work of Jesus Christ. First I will look at The Great Catechism, by Gregory of Nyssa to understand his Ransom Theory of Atonement specifically by examining his metaphor of a hook. Following, attention will turn to Julian of Norwich’s writings specifically her parable …show more content…
The parable begins with God, who is the Lord full of love, sweetness, and meekness sitting upon a throne. At the throne stands a servant reverently ready to do the Lord’s work. The Lord sends the servant to a certain place and the servant goes immediately and full of haste for the servant loves the will of the Lord and as the servant rushes along the servant falls into an abyss. Falling leads to seven great pains including: blindness in reason and shattering of the mind such that the servant nearly forgets its own love, and loneliness, for no one was alongside in the ditch. Furthermore, the Lord assigns no blame to the servant for falling into the ditch for it was only the servant’s great will and desire that propelled the falling. Understanding that the Lord in the parable represents the Trinity paints a picture of a loving God. Furthermore, Julian understands that the Trinity is egalitarian and all three parts are coconspirators in the task of creating the world and “kitting and oneing” the world with itself. The servant represents Adam; which is to say, humanity. As Julian states, “For in the sight of God all man is one man and one man is all man.” So humanity longs deeply in its spirit to participate in this divine act of knitting and oneing itself with the trinity, however humanity is flesh and as such is fallen. This fallen nature is represented in the ditch the servant falls into. However, it is not because of some fault of sin that humanity falls, it is merely the nature of the flesh. Humanity falls becoming ignorant through blindness forgetting its identity and God. Although, like in the ditch, humanity appears all alone, the Trinity is present in spirit. Julian articulates this point by stating that the servant also represents Jesus. Thus, Jesus is with us in the ditch which is revealed in the incarnation of God. Jesus is

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