Essay on The Puerto Rican Island Of Puerto Rico

1021 Words May 12th, 2016 5 Pages
"Puerto Rico is an island country that is located in the northeastern Caribbean Sea. And it sits east of the Dominican Republic" (Nation). "Belonging to the United States, it consists of the island of Puerto Rico plus the adjacent islets of Vieques, Culebra, and Mona. Puerto Rico has a mountainous, tropical ecosystem with very little flat land and few mineral resources" (Puerto Rico). "The Puerto Rican island is 100 miles long by 35 miles wide, with mostly flat coastal areas and mountainous interiors. Over 3.9 million people inhabit the island of Puerto Rico, making it one of the most densely populated islands in the world" (Johnson).
Puerto Rico was discovered by Christopher Columbus on November 19th, 1493, during his second trip to the new world. At the time of his discovery, the archipelago was inhabited by Taíno Indians, who called it 'Borinquen '. Columbus renamed the archipelago as "San Juan Bautista" for St. John the Baptist (Johnson)." Puerto Rico remained economically undeveloped until 1830, when sugarcane, coffee, and tobacco plantations were gradually developed. After Puerto Ricans began to press for independence, Spain granted the island broad powers of self-government in 1897. But during the Spanish-American War of 1898 American troops invaded the island and Spain ceded it to the U.S (Puerto Rico). The United States anglicized the name to "Porto Rico" when it occupied the island in 1898 after the Spanish-American War. This spelling was discontinued in 1932…

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