The Pros And Cons Of Psychological Addiction

1024 Words 4 Pages
Intro What is addiction? When a person takes drugs “they enter the brain, and it disrupts the normal processing of the brain” (Stevens & Smith, pg. 51). These changes are “considered maladaptive and will lead to addiction” (Stevens & Smith, pg. 51). Neuroscience studies have been conducted and concluded that; “addiction is a disease that affects both the mind and body” (Stevens & Smith, pg. 51). Well look at the difference between psychological and physical addiction in relation to tranquilizers.
Psychological Addiction Psychological addiction deals with how drugs affect a person’s mind. Research has proven that “drug abuse changes the brains chemistry” (Stevens & Smith, pg. 52). Addiction is also “considered a disease of the brain” (Stevens
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Intro Drug abuse can be caused by a variety of reasons. Some research has shown that “adolescents will use drugs for thrill seeking” (Meyers, pg. 117). Other theories point to “biological, psychological and social-cultural influences as being at the root cause of drug abuse” (Meyers, pg. 118). How do healthcare professionals take into account all of these possible risk factors when treating patients and lower the risk of abuse? The answer may not be simple or easy but collaboration, disclosure and accountability may be step in the right direction.
Drug Abuse Prevention Today we are looking at “comprehensive drug prevention programs, to see how they can be effectively promoted through community collaboration” (Stevens & Smith, pg. 336). Prevention programs can be tailored to “many different problems, age groups and populations” (Stevens & Smith, pg. 339). One such prevention program is the public health model of prevention. Ideally a prevention program needs to have a “targeted audience and have clarified goals and objectives for the prevention effort” (Stevens & Smith, pg. 339). There are three stages of prevention including “primary, secondary and tertiary” (Stevens & Smith, pg.
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Doctors and pharmacist perhaps need to collaborate with each other to ensure that patients cannot access multiple prescriptions which lead to abuse. Perhaps the answer is more oversight or data bases that are linked so patient history and current prescriptions are known to all doctors and pharmacists. One final point that wasn’t mentioned was if his doctor ordered him to get counseling. I feel this should be mandatory for anyone receiving prescriptions that may be addictive. Of course isn’t an easy, quick or cheap fix to the problem but it may be step in the prevention of abuse of prescribed

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