The Policy Of Collectivisation Was Significant Agricultural Policies Of Joseph Stalin

1299 Words Mar 20th, 2016 null Page
The policy of collectivisation was one of the key agricultural policies of Joseph Stalin in the late 1920s and throughout the rest of his reign. Stalin 's policy intended to consolidate individual farms, including farmers lands, equipment and labour, into collective farms called called kolkhozy and sovkhozy. They were owned by the state and paid peasants farmers as hired labour (sovkhozy) or volunteer cooperative collective farms(kolkhozy). The policy of collectivisation was significant because it helped to bring Russia into the modern era and develop the country as before Russia was stagnating under Tsarism whilst the rest of the world was moving forward. It helped modernise Russia through supporting the forced industrialisation of Russia’s cities and support the urban proletariat. However despite there being over 10,000 collective farms by 1928 the collectivisation campaign was brutal and caused strong discontent in the peasantry as the state demanded more grain for themselves, however when the scheme was made mandatory many peasants protested against it and burned their crops. This led to great famine and eventually a policy of ‘de-kulakisation’.

Before Stalin introduced his policy of collectivisation, Russian agricultural policy was similar to the Mir system which dates back to the 18th century and was considered anachronistic and inefficient . Transitioning from the Mir system to the policy of collectivisation was an important strategy for Stalin which needed to…

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