Essay on The Pharaohs Of Ancient Egypt

726 Words May 8th, 2015 3 Pages
Furthermore, trade among other cultures was being conducted and prosperity blanketed the lands. The pharaohs of this dynasty include some of the best known kings of ancient Egypt. The great pharaoh Menkaure, who’s name means “Eternal like the sun of Re”, is a familiar king to many that know of the great Pyramids of Giza. He was the 5th king of the Fourth Dynasty of Egypt, ruling 2532-2503 BCE, 29 years. As the son of the great pharaoh Khafre he built his pyramid beside his fathers and included a satellite pyramid for his wife Khamerenebty II, who was also his sister. He named his pyramid “Menkaure the divine.”

On January 18, 1910 excavations directed by archaeologist George Reisner at the Valley Temple of the pyramid of Menkaure at Giza revealed heads of a statue. Once the statue was completely freed it revealed a slate carving of the Pharaoh Menkaure and his Queen. Standing at about 4 feet 8 inches high and dating to 2548-2530 BCE it is a prime example of Old Kingdom royal tomb sculpture. The statues position is a frontal viewpoint and the rigid poses of the figures are typical of the Egyptian adherence to a system or “canon” of proportions. Standing at attention with an extended left leg, Menkaure clenches his fists and has his arms locked into place at his sides. Additionally, he is in a power stance and reflects a mature, vigorous man with slender hips, broad shoulders, and well-developed arms. The statue is a true, traditional representation of a the ideal…

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