The Peruvian Andres Essay

1111 Words Apr 18th, 2016 null Page
High in the Peruvian Andres there’s is a cloud filled city that defies this definition with small pools, fountains, temples and altars this place is called Machu Picchu. Their civilization lacked the tools needed, with no iron and wheel to use Archeologists have long wondered why it was built the way it was as well as how. With more than two hundred structures within, carved from stone, surrounding a hundred acre green nourished by open water ways and fountains. With no carvings there can be little said on the purpose of Machu Picchu, but there have been some new developments in the questions of why this was built, how it was built, etc. With their architecture being reminiscent of Ancient Rome, it can be said that these people were master engineers and builders and they did all of this without the wheel, iron, or a written language. What we do know about these people is very biased, since this information comes from the Spanish explorers coming to conquer this land. The Incas were warrior peoples, conquering nearby lands and “forging them into one of the largest empires in the world, stretching some 2,400 miles” (NOVA, 2010). They transformed sloping lands into farmland, using rise and run in the process of terracing. The impressiveness of the civilization comes with the realization that it was only around for about one hundred years. Their decline was due to disease, civil war, and then the Spanish Conquistadors. Ordered by the First Inca emperor, Pachacuti, Machu…

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