The Persian Wars Between The Greeks And The Persian Empire

Improved Essays
The Persian Wars between the Greeks and the Persians of the Achaemenid Empire at the beginning of the fifth century BC. They are triggered by the revolt of the Asian Greek cities against the Persian domination, the intervention of Athens in their favor causing retaliation. The two military expeditions of the Achaemenid sovereigns Darius I and Xerxes I constitute the main military episodes of this conflict; they are concluded by the spectacular victory of the European Greek cities led by Athens and Sparta. How did the Greeks win the war against the Persian?

Firstly, we will explain the origins of the war. The Persian started to conquer the Greek cities of Asia minor. In 500 BC, the Greeks showed the Persians that they weren’t going to allow
…show more content…
Darius dies in 486. His successor, Xerxes, is determined to subjugate the Greek cities. To ensure the movements of his land forces he launched on the Hellespont two bridges of boats that ensure the junction between the two continents, he creates warehouses of food and weapons in Thrace. According to Herodotus, he mobilizes an army of one hundred thousand men and builds a powerful fleet of one thousand two hundred and seven triers. According to Donald Kagan, the Greek ships were fewer, slower, and less maneuverable than those of the Persians, the Greeks relied chiefly on hand-to-hand combat. In the ensuing battle the Persians lost more than half their ships and retreated to Asia with a good part of their army, but the danger was not over yet. "Meanwhile the Ionian Greeks urged King Leotychidas, the Spartan commander of the fleet, to fight the Persian fleet. At Mycale, on the coast of Samos, Leotychidas destroyed the Persian camp and its fleet. The Persians fled the Aegean and Ionia. For the moment, at least, the Persian threat was gone." (D. Kagan, 2010).

In conclusion, the Greeks defeat the Persian Empire because of the sheer tenacity of their soldiers and they wouldn’t accept the idea of being invaded by another country so they fought until they won. Another factor was that by uniting the city-states, particularly the Spartans and Athenians, it created a skilled, well balanced army that was able to defeat the Persians despite their

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    In early fifth century B.C.E, the Greeks constantly suffered from the threat of being conquered by the Persian Empire. Although Persian power vastly exceeded, the Greeks unexpectedly triumphed. Similar to the tale of David versus Goliath, the Greeks defeated the Persians due to divine support and Greek unity. The threat of the Persian Empire expansion into Greece and the imminent possibility that they would lose their freedom and become slaves to the Persians, so horrified the Greeks that they united together and risked their lives in order to preserve the one thing they all shared in common, their "Greekness". The start of discontent between the Greeks and the Persian began in 550 B.C.E.…

    • 1445 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Persian War began around 546 B.C. when Persia conquered the land in Ionia. Ionians revolted and lost. Around 490 B.C., the Athens won against the Persian in Marathon by using the phalanx. Pheidippides, a younger runner, ran back to Athen to tell of their victory against the Persians so that they can be on defense.…

    • 1121 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In 490 BC the Persian war started. After the Ionians won the Ionian War against the Persians (with lots of help from the Greeks) in 499 BC, the Persians and their King Darius wanted to conquer Greece more than anything. The Persians also wanted to expand their area as well. This war happened in many different places. Greece, Egypt, Thrace, Cyprus, Aegean Islands, Anatolia, and more.…

    • 1101 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In the 5th century B.C the Persian Wars raged the Mediterranean in attempt to conquer Greece. The Greek history was a series of battles fought between the Greece and Persia from 499 BC to 479 BC. The Persians were successful at invading but never conquered Greece. The Persian Empire was the largest and most powerful empire in the world and Greece had many cities states including the two main powerful states who were Athens and Sparta. This event all started when a few Greek city states who were under the Persian Empire control revolted against the ruler who at that time was King Darius.…

    • 1242 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    He blames the war on the Persian Empire and their imperialistic nature and hunger for power. Despite warnings from the Spartans, Persia invaded Greece around 492 B.C. This invasion of Greek settlements on Asia Minor triggered the first round of wars. Another cause of tension between the Persians and Greeks was a movement called the Ionian Revolution. Ionians were Greek settlers who lived in southwestern Asia Minor.…

    • 1208 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    What finally caused the two disagreeing poleis to go to war was Athens banning Megara merchants. In 425 BCE Sparta was losing badly to Athens and sued for peace but Athens refused. In 424 BCE Athens began to lose the war. In 421 BCE the first part of the war ended with a treaty called the Peace of Nicias. Both Sparta and Athens had to give up the territory they gained.…

    • 584 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Great Essays

    Peloponnesian War Causes

    • 1868 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Two separate alliances emerged from the disbanded Hellenic League, the restored Peloponnesian League which consisted of Sparta and many main-land Greece city-states, and the Athenian’s Delian League. The Delian League was a force of Greek-City states whose goal was to continue the fight against the Persians by conquering the Persian’s colonies and adding them to their empire. With the founding of the Delian League the remaining Persians and their colonies were quickly and easily defeated. The quick and forceful rise of the Athenian Empire and their Delian League caused many Greek-city states to fear the Athenians and their naval capabilities. As the Athenian historian Thucydides said, “The growth of the power of Athens, and the alarm which this inspired in Lacedaemon, made war inevitable”.…

    • 1868 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Great Essays
  • Superior Essays

    Introduction The Persian Wars were a series of conflicts involving the Persian Empire and many Greek city-states spanning from c.499-449 BCE. The conflict began around 499 BCE when Greek city-states in Anatolia, client states of the Persian Empire, rose in open rebellion against the Empire. Following the Persian Empire defeating the rebellion in 493 BCE, numerous conflicts would be fought between Persia and the Greek city-states until 449 BCE. The Greeks ―utilizing superior training, tactics, and Persian mistakes― were ultimately able to defeat the much larger Persian Empire. Greek superiority in the Persian Wars is best illustrated by three stages of the Wars: the first invasion of the Greek mainland, the second invasion of the Greek mainland, and the Greek counterattack into the Persian Empire (Delian Wars).…

    • 1537 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Battle of Marathon was vital to the survival of Athens. After all, the invasion by the Persians was a strike of revenge against Athens for the city-state’s part in the Ionian Revolution. “Soon, other Ionian Greek cities joined the revolt. Athens was quick to lend support with both money and warriors, even helping the rebels to burn the regional capital, Sardis.” (Meyers 1). After the failure of the…

    • 863 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    A few days after the Persians left the Spartans showed up and praised the Athenians (Fitzgerald). This is probably for being able to defeat someone with more than twice as much men as them. People heard about it everywhere and it helped them realize that the Persians were vulnerable and could lose (Staff). The battle marked the start of the beginning of the downfall of Persia according to some historians (Staff). This was a major achievement, no one thought the Persians could be stopped.…

    • 1809 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays