Essay about The Original Position Of Justice

1344 Words Dec 15th, 2016 6 Pages
The original position plays an important role to lead Rawls’s two principles of justice: first, each person has a claim to a fully adequate scheme of equal basic liberties, compatible with the same scheme of liberties for all (JF, 13), and second, they are to be attached to offices and positions open to all under conditions of fair equality opportunity, furthermore, they are to be to the greatest benefit of the least-advantaged members of society. (JF, 13) Moreover, Rawls asserts the priority of his first principle exceeds his second principle. He, therefore, emphasizes his first principle in the Theory of Justice. Why is his first principle important? To solve this question, in this paper, I will discuss how Rawls argues that parties in the original position would find it rational to choose his first principle of justice, and why its priority exceeds his second principle.
First, in this paragraph, I will discuss what the original position is. This is the initial circumstance that parties are behind the “veil of ignorance”. Behind the “veil of ignorance”, they do not know their own talent and status, such as rich or poor, intelligence, social standing, and their conceptions of good life, though they know about common knowledges about society, economy, justice, and the basic structure. Also, they are rational in terms of seeking as much benefit as they can get by spending least costs. At that time, parties are in completely equal condition because they cannot recognize any…

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