Essay on The Obesity Epidemic Is A Threat Of Global Health
What are overweight and obesity?
The World Health Organization defines overweight and obesity as “abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health” (World Health Organization, 2016). Body Mass Index (BMI) is a useful tool to determine whether an individual’s weight can be categorised as normal, overweight or obese compared to other people with the same height. An adult whose BMI score is ≥ 25 is considered overweight and ≥ 30 is considered obese (National Health and Medical Research Council, 2013). It is shocking to know that nearly one-third of the world’s population nowadays fall into either one of these two categories (Murray & Ng, 2016).
Do you know your BMI score? To calculate your BMI click here .
Why are they a global concern?
In the 1900s, starvation was one of the biggest health concerns at the time, but nowadays obesity seems to be overtaking it (click here for more details) (Mercola, 2016). Overweight and obesity are not just issues of appearance and fitness. They are often associated with many chronic diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and some cancers. Though obesity is not always the direct cause of these diseases, the risk of these as well as other mental health issues increase with weight gain. Obesity and its complications alter an individual’s health and wellbeing. Also, they are the potential cause for early death. Such fatal and non-fatal burdens affect both the…