Stonehenge Essay

883 Words 4 Pages
Advancing Life Beyond the Nomadic Era
Early man learned measures of control over nature with the use of calendars and the study of architecture. Having the opportunity to live in a permanent structure and schedule events based around a dedicated time-keeping system allowed civilizations to grow, and advance to the current era.
Calendars are a part of our normal everyday life. For the majority of the population in the United States, individuals are connected to a digital calendar that transfers across multiple media to ensure individuals are always on time. However, in ancient times things were simpler; it was simple to tell what you had to do next. Is the elk still grazing in the valley? Good! You could rest in your camp for a bit longer.
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Most structures from the Neolithic era have withered or eroded away long ago, with very few like Stonehenge lasting into the modern age. Located in modern day England, Stonehenge is believed to be built around 2000 B.C.E. Stonehenge was constructed using a basic post and lintel system with two vertical posts supporting a horizontal lintel with dowel pins carved into one end resting in a depression locking them together. Stonehenge is quite impressive; however, the purpose is still relatively unknown. Classical Greek architecture is very beautiful and the abundance of buildings still standing is a testament to the knowledge of construction that the Ancient Greeks possessed. With so many buildings to choose from, the Parthenon stands to be the only Acropolis building that was fully completed. Numerous other construction projects were halted due to the Peloponnesian war. The uniqueness lies in the fine details; the blocks of marble were cut into rectangular prism so they would lock together, and the pillars were made tapered with the bottom side bigger than the top. The architects of the Parthenon built it with an optical illusion in mind. Individuals can look at the structure from several angles and still see perfection. The size was made virtually perfect with the width of the building being 1.618 times the height. The ratio of the height to the width, known as the Golden Section, gives proportional beauty to all who see it. With the advancement of architecture man has truly molded his surroundings to suit him, and to further his progress in understanding the natural

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