The Nineteenth Amendment: The Women's Suffrage Movement

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The Nineteenth Amendment was ratified on August 18, 1920 and gave the women of the United States the right to vote. The bill was introduced in the 1870 's to congress by a woman named Susan B. Anthony and Senator Aaron A. Sargent, but it would take years of lobbying by several organizations and activists for it to gain support of both the American public and the federal government.
This fight for equality was known as the Woman 's suffrage movement, which was a breakaway from a larger one that concentrated on many goals for American women. It was the largest reform movement during America 's Progressive era. The first gathering devoted to achieving equal rights for women was held in New York and called the Seneca Convention of 1848. Here, an activist named Elizabeth Stanton and several others wrote the "Declaration of Sentiments," which was a list of grievances the nation needed to address. It was signed by both men and women. Equal voting rights for both state and federal elections was a key point within the document.
The Women 's rights movement was very large and diverse when it came to what needed to be changed in regards to the equal treatment of women. Before the Civil War, many activists pushed for changes to social and educational barriers that prevented women from progressing within society. The passing
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The NAWSA concentrated mainly on the voting rights of white women, and often times African Americans were excluded from key points to keep the southern support, who feared the idea of the African American community gaining strength and equality. Many activist groups were formed that were parallel to the main caucasian ones. Although suffrage was an issue, African American factions also dealt with racial inequalities, education equality, and an end to the racial violence towards the members of the African

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