The Woman's Suffrage Movement

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The Nineteenth Amendment was ratified on August 18, 1920 and gave the women of the United States the right to vote. The bill was introduced in the 1870 's to congress by a woman named Susan B. Anthony and Senator Aaron A. Sargent, but it would take years of lobbying by several organizations and activists for it to gain support of both the American public and the federal government.
This fight for equality was known as the Woman 's suffrage movement, which was a breakaway from a larger one that concentrated on many goals for American women. It was the largest reform movement during America 's Progressive era. The first gathering devoted to achieving equal rights for women was held in New York and called the Seneca Convention of 1848. Here,
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Terrell attended many NAWSA meeting and like many other female African American activists, could see the parallels between racial inequality and the denial of basic rights to women. However, due to the prevalent Jim Crowism within the nation, and the residing racism held by white women, African American women would not gain complete political rights until forty years after the passing of the nineteenth amendment.
Despite the momentum and gathering support of many American women and men, the concept of a female having the same political rights as males was still a foreign to many Americans. Many Anti-Suffrage factions grew in response to the growing popularity of the idea and by 1911, had combined to create National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage located in New
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This brought more and more women out of traditional roles and into economic, educational, and even political ones. Many women began to take on factory and production jobs that were left behind by men who became soldiers to fight overseas. The NAWSA used the war to gain support for the suffrage movement. The group claimed the denial of voting rights to women was a hindrance to the growth of democracy within the country, and holding American women back from giving their all towards the war effort.
In response to this, along with the growing ratification of voting rights in both western and eastern states, and with the support of President Wilson, a bill was introduced in the year of 1918. It wasn’t until 1920 with the approval of Congress, The House of Representatives and the Senate, that the nineteenth amendment was ratified into the constitution. The passing of the amendment marked the end of the Women 's suffrage movement, and the Women 's rights movement lost the key issue holding many of the factions from across the states

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