The Iran Hostage Crisis And Iran Essay

1712 Words May 22nd, 2016 7 Pages
The Iran Hostage Crisis, which lasted from 1979 to 1981, was the first time the United
States was forced to deal with Islamic extremists. The United States supported the Shah, or leader of Iran, as an ally of the United States from 1953 to 1979, despite his arbitrary arrests and excessive punishments of the Iranian people, including Iranian students. After years of abuse, they responded by following the words of a Muslim religious fundamentalist leader, the Ayatollah Khomeini, to take back Iran and place him in power. The students took action by seizing the United States embassy, which they saw as both a symbolic and tangible source of support for the Shah’s authoritarian regime. The Americans in the embassy were taken hostage and this ad hoc action morphed into a much longer drama that lasted for 444 days and would not end until President Carter left office. Overall, the Iran Hostage Crisis was an event that changed political and diplomatic relations between the United States and Iran for decades to come.
Iranian resentment of United States can be traced back to the 1950s. Since the beginning of the Cold War, the United States supported any regime that was not communist, no matter how unpopular they were with the people of their country. Under these circumstances Iran became an anti­communist country and the Shah became an ally of the United States.1 In 1950 the Shah fled Iran when Mohammed Mossadegh was elected Prime Minister. Mohammed Mossadegh had long resented the…

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