Stroke Case Studies

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Stroke is the most preventable neurological disease, and this is mainly because, many of its risk factors such as high cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes, and smoking can be prevented either through healthier lifestyle choices or by medication. “In the management of stroke, speedy access to medical service is crucial, as delays result in poor outcome” (Donkor, Owolabi, Bampoh, Aspelund, & Gudnason, 2014). Stroke occurs when there is an interruption in the blood supply to the brain, caused by the rupture or occlusion of the blood vessels, resulting in localized tissue injury and death. The resultant disability is dependent on the extent and area of brain damage. The common consequences of stroke are hemiparesis and inability to walk or perform …show more content…
“For proper rehabilitation, increasing self-efficacy as well stroke related knowledge is necessary. Most patients with stroke cannot maintain prestrike social status because their physical disability, difficulty in mobility or difficulties in communication. Although a person’s self-efficacy is high and when he or she feels in control during threatening situation, the capability to manage different situations is enhanced” (Wang, Chen, Liao, & Hsiao, 2013). It is imperative to offer patients with stroke not only techniques for rehabilitation, but also encouragement for increasing self-worth, which includes the confidence in dealing with emotions, symptoms and copying self-efficacy. Providing community-based education programs to increase public awareness of stroke could contribute to decreasing the risk of stroke and to increasing the speed of hospital presentation after stroke onset. Therefore, stroke survivors who receive a community-based stroke nursing intervention will have a better stroke knowledge, more functioning, self-efficacy, and an improved quality of …show more content…
We also observed that patients with stroke made progress in behavior towards social participation. Providing this community based stroke program reached its goal in improving stroke knowledge. Because of the high recurrence rate, educational intervention for secondary stroke prevention is of paramount importance. Delivering adequate amount of stroke education that modifies their risk factors can greatly reduce the risk of subsequent stroke. This proposal highlights the profound impact of a stroke on the lives of stroke survivors and how they struggle to regain functioning and transform their self-understanding and lives in a way that is worth living. Most of this recovery and adjustment process occurs after the stroke survivor is discharged from the rehabilitation center. The kind of follow-up that stroke patients receive after discharge varies widely, from nothing at all to traditional home care or long-term care to outpatient therapy. A number of studies have indicated that closer follow-up improves functioning, mood, and the quality of life of stroke survivors, but most interventions are quite time limited and rarely established as a routine

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