The Importance Of Physical Activity Guidelines In Australia

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(ABS, 2013). However, while the AHS identified these trends it did not report spatial differences in physical activity. The survey does not examine how these results may vary from one region to another or from one part of a city to another (ABS, 2013).
4.2. Physical Activity Guidelines in Australia
The Federal Department of Health has issued recommendations for levels of physical activity that vary according to age. For 0-5 year olds it is recommended they have at least three hours of physical activity every day, either in a single block or spread throughout the day. For 5-12 and 13-17 year olds for health benefits the recommendations suggest they should undertake at least 60 minutes of moderate to vigorous intensity physical activity every
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Type
As described above, the AHS did not categorise the type of exercise that people engaged in. Consequently the AHS can only report on walking as a type of physical activity. Other surveys have endeavoured to identify the amounts time engaged in different activities such as cycling through the National Cycling Participation Survey conducted by Australian Bicycle Council (ABC, 2015).
4.3.2. Intensity
As specified in the guidelines it is preferable that some vigorous activity be undertaken, however, in a practical sense walking does not fit this category and hence does not satisfy this requirement. Other forms of physical activity such as running or cycling can be vigorous exercise.
4.4. Health Implications of Low Physical Activity
Physical activity has been identified as an important contributor to maintaining good overall health. The amount of time spent on physical activity has long been a focus for research and policy makers with the health impacts of sedentary lifestyles rapidly gaining more evidence. The health impacts include:
• Heart, strokes and vascular disease
• Hypertension
• High blood cholesterol
• Type 2 Diabetes
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These are the direct healthcare costs incurred to treat the symptoms of (and sometimes cure) these medical conditions. These healthcare costs would be shared between governments, through public health care, private health insurance companies and by individuals who need to make some out-of-pocket payments. These direct healthcare costs are offset by expenses associated with participation in physical activity including sports injuries and fitness-related expenses which have been determined to be $884 million in the research calculations. This gives an estimated direct net cost of physical inactivity of $719 million per annum to

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