Helping Relationship Research

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A helping relationship consists of two or more people coming together to achieve a common goal, principally to facilitate forward movement, a change in mind-set or circumstances, or an improved general wellbeing.
A helping relationship has a purpose and it is important to note that there are different sources of help for different types of stress. Examples of stress are wide ranging and not limited to, the following: health conditions; bereavement; bullying; sexual orientation; depression; relationship problems; workplace problems; an overall unhappiness with life.
Sources of help also vary, in fact McLeod, McLeod (2013) affirms that “A significant proportion of the counselling that people receive, takes place within informal, situated encounters
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The three conditions are as follows:

1. Genuineness: this condition must exist to be real, to be present, and to be entirely open and non-judgemental in a helping relationship. Counsellor self-awareness and being true to oneself is the cornerstone to effectiveness. To demonstrate real presence and authenticity with the client, the importance of body language, eye contact, mirroring feelings and honesty must not be underestimated.
2. Acceptance: this condition is vital to be able to create a climate conducive to build rapport and warmth. Interaction with the client, through verbal and non-verbal communication must demonstrate a sincere interest to understand the client’s viewpoint from their frame of
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For example: Do you enjoy your work? Does your partner know how you feel?

Paraphrasing is a skill used in a helping relationship to bring clarity to what the client has said. To demonstrate that the helper has listened and understood, they will restate the message using their own words, while maintaining the original meaning.
Paraphrasing may be confused with reflecting, due to the fact that one is rarely used without the other. It is important to understand the difference, in terms of paraphrasing is restating the client’s message from the viewpoint of the helper, whereas reflecting feelings are pertaining to connecting with the client’s emotions.

Summarising is an active response to the client to show that the helper is present and attending. It is a skill used to clarify the client’s experience and emotions. Summarising also helps to bring content together when areas of exploration are wide ranging. It should reflect the events as they develop and help the client to clarify and explore areas in further

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