Forensic DNA Identification Report

Good Essays
Every cell in an individual’s body contains a full genetic program that gives that individual their own genetic identity. This contributes to genetic testing and how individuals can be identified today. One of the first known DNA identifications was in India in 1193 where Jai Chand, a great Indian monarchy, was destroyed by Muhammad’s army and Jai Chand, Raja of Kanauji, was murdered and he was then identified by his false teeth (Balachander, Babu, Jimson, Priyadharsini, & Masthan, 2016, p. 3). Ever since then, genetic identification has evolved to many more branches including crime and health records. Today, privacy of a person’s genetic information is very important for some and not as important for others.
There are strong opinions about
…show more content…
In 1994, the DNA Identification Act solidified the FBI’s desire to build a central database that would contain DNA data provided by all state and local jurisdictions, as well as profiles collected by the military and the FBI (Pearson & DiLascio, 2016, p. 1). Annemie Patyn and Kris dierickx (2016) explain in their article “Forensic DNA databases: genetic testing as societal choice” that “Forensic DNA databases are used to identify DNA samples found at a crime scene. To this end, a profile is made from the DNA sample, after which this profile can be compared with already identified profiles from a database” (p. 319). Furthermore, the databases allow crime-scene investigators to solve cases faster by already having criminals genetic tests on file. By already having the genetic testing on file, the investigators can see the past crime the suspect has been in to help determine what their consequences will be. This allows us to safely close cases by knowing the suspects genetic information and storing it in databases in case they decided to commit another …show more content…
Levin (2013) explains both sides agree that firing an employee merely based on their genetic disease would be unjustified and wrongful, but if that disease led to failure to perform the job (or possibly to significantly increase costs to the employer), then termination could be justified (p. 36). The two sides also agree that criminals should be convicted for their crime and that they should be found after the crime has been done. Most importantly, they agree that the safety of humans is a major concern but each side thinks of it as different ways. The arguments of both sides are very strong and have examples to back up their cases. In the end, each side 's goals are substantially the same that each want to have a safe

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Name, age and date of birth, gender, race, marital status, occupation, home address, location of the scene…etc. After it is always wise to review all other records available such as witness interviews. Witness interviews give the psychologists a list of people that they should interview later on in the psychological autopsy. Crime scene analysis provides valuable data. It helps to determine insight into the relationship between the deceased life and death.…

    • 1927 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Web. 15 Oct. 2016. In the article “Forensic DNA Profiling and Databases” S. Panneer Chelvam and M. N. Norazmi give case examples to how DNA profiling is used in crimes and what techniques are used to identify the person. They start out talking about deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) itself and explains that every cell in an individual 's body, with the exception of red blood cells and eggs or sperm, contains the full genetic program for that individual in its DNA. Then, it goes on to talk about the Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) and how it blends computer and DNA technologies into an effective tool for comparing DNA profiles.…

    • 1800 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Criminalist, Forensic toxicologist, Forensic pathologist, Forensic anthropologist, Forensic odonatologist, Forensic botanist, Forensic biologist, Forensic chemist, Questioned document examiner, Fingerprint examiner, DNA analyst, Trace evidence analyst, Medical examiner. However, all scientist have a specific role to play and must perfect their work to find as much evidence as possible. A forensics’ scientist job is to find as much evidence as possible as to how and why a person has died. They must find the cause of death. They must analyze samples such as hair, body fluids, glass, paint and drugs, attend and examine scenes of crimes, writing detailed reports for court, etc.…

    • 1408 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Why Biology Is Important

    • 2013 Words
    • 9 Pages

    A sample is taken by cheek swab, then sent to one of more than two hundred different public and private labs used by the federal bureau of investigation where the swab of the suspects DNA will be analyzed. When two samples of DNA are compared and match in a large amount of numbers such as the thirteen in the FBI’s CODIS or combined DNA index system the possibility that someone other than the person supplying the DNA is virtually zero. This Aids in creating DNA a reliable tool in catching perpetrators. Probabilities are the basis of DNA identification. If we consider three CODIS sites, the probability that a random DNA sample will match one CODIS site is 1/10.…

    • 2013 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Forensic Pathology Essay

    • 1192 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Forensic Pathology is a job of forensics. It is the study of the human corpse to determine the cause of death and maybe even the particular time frame of death. A forensic pathologist would have to first start with the crimes scene investigation. He would wanna know all the surrounding of the corpse and the body position of the corpse. Every little thing find at the crime scene would be a very big help.…

    • 1192 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Taking photographs of the scene and surrounding scenes of the crime is vital. This provides investigators with the ability to not only capture evidence via photograph or videotaping, this also allows investigators to examine anything that might have not been collected into evidence to be retrieved and documented. Once the autopsy of the victim is completed, any evidence that is available from the body needs to be collected and documented appropriately. Lab testing of any evidence provided needs to be done as well. (Mitchell, 1997) In this particular case, any evidence found on the victim will provide clues as to who abducted and murdered him.…

    • 1028 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The CSI will walk through taking notes on anything needed for the investigations, things such as fingerprint dusting kit, or blood spatter. After it is noted on what equipment is needed, the true heart of the investigation process beings. “Trace evidence is any material such as hairs, fibers, glass, soil, paint, etc., found at a crime scene on a person or object.” This evidence is then used to help find out more information about the crime committed, such as who was there. When finding the trace evidence it is important the following steps are completed: the written down location, the amount collected, the type of material, the condition of the material, and proper packing to help transport the trace evidence to the lab. (Crime Scene Investigator Network Forum 2015).…

    • 1708 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Forensic science is an application of all types of science field, especially chemistry to help with the investigation that related to law or crime. It is approved aspect to be applied in a court or law. In this field, forensic scientist plays an important role to help in the investigation. The function of forensic scientist can be classified into three parts that are: 1. As a crime scene investigator As a crime scene investigator (CSI), a forensic scientist involve in collecting the evidences.…

    • 954 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Procedure • Obtaining a sample of DNA from the cells. • Cutting the DNA at specific areas using special proteins which are called as restriction enzymes. This enzymes produces fragments of different lengths that are arranged by electrophoresis. • Splitting of the sorted double-stranded DNA fragments to single strands and after that, they transport them to a nylon sheet. • The fragments undergo autoradiography where they are revealed to DNA probes—pieces of synthetic DNA that are made radioactive.…

    • 860 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    DNA Profiling

    • 1476 Words
    • 6 Pages

    As for humans, identification of biological remains damaged beyond recognition can be used in reverse of the principles applied to paternity testing. In other words, this can be helpful in the identification of bodies after death combat, by taking DNA samples from blood relatives to compare to the bodies. DNA profiling is a major tool used to solve crimes and help serve justice to the…

    • 1476 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays