The Importance Of Food And Weight Focus

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Food and Weight Focus “Now is the hour of our testing. Let us make it the hour of our victory—victory over ourselves.” –United States Food Administration slogan, 1918. The U.S. Food Administration was created immediately after the war began in 1917. The purpose of this administration was to create and ship food to our allies and neutrals in Western Europe during the war but during the first two decades of the 20th century, the way people viewed food and their bodies changed dramatically. Advances in nutrition science triggered a revolution in healthy eating. People were more concerned with eating what was nutritionally better for them. Since the Progressive Era (1890’s-1920’s), food choices have become a form of moral choices. Self-control, …show more content…
Until the 70’s, eating disorders were rarely heard of and rather uncommon. When looking at these facts, one wonders what has changed during this amount of time to cause the rise in this mental illness. A common factor in everyone who struggles with an eating disorder is comparison of their body. Usually, a goal weight or an ideal body image is set in the mind of the person who struggles with an eating disorder; especially among those who have anorexia nervosa. When one critiques and compares their body, there must be another body for them to compare to. Without a doubt, media plays a big role in triggering body comparison. Throughout time, models have been known to have the ideal body. When the average sizes of models change, so does the ideal body type. The measurements of supermodels have gotten significantly smaller since the 50’s while the rates of eating disorders have gotten significantly higher since the 50’s. The top female model of the 50’s and 60’s was Carmen Dell’Orefice. One of the top models in the late 2000’s is Candice Swanepoel. Dell’Orefice stood 5 feet and 10 inches tall with bust, waist, and hip measurements of 36-26-39 and a BMI of 18.5. Swanepoel stands 5 feet and 9 inches tall with bust, waist, and hip measurements of 33-23-34 and a BMI of 17.7. In the past 5 decades, the ideal body type has gone from a normal BMI to .8% under the normal body mass index, which is considered very underweight. In high fashion models the average BMI is much lower and has recently caused new legislation in the works that models must be seen by a doctor before modeling to check for the possibility of an eating disorder. Other countries have already passed legislation toward this, Israel being the first. America has moved from icons like voluptuous size 12 Marilyn Monroe to unhealthy and unrealistic sized models. This is the ideal that is being shown through media, 24 hours a day, 7

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