Early High Middle Ages Essay

707 Words 3 Pages
During the early High Middle Ages, Europe had experienced a substantial rise in temperature which, in turn, followed with a prolonged and exceptional growing season. Along with the increase in agriculture, population in Europe also increased which resulted in the growth of agricultural villages, towns, and cities. The growth and abundance of agriculture was due to the exceptional weather changes as well as technological advances and cooperation of the neighboring villagers. Emerging from the fertile climates, peasants began to clear forested areas by cutting down trees, draining swamps, and even claiming reclaiming land from the sea (Spielvogel, 240). In order to properly accomplish these goals the peasants depended on the mining of iron in various areas of Europe. Iron was important in fashioning weapons, such as swords and shields, and the manufacturing of faming tools such as scythes, axheads, hoes, saws, hammers, and nails.
Before the mining of iron, the peasants of the Mediterranean and Near Eastern worlds had been using the, non-wheeled, aratrum in order to plow the soil.
The aratrum was pulled by a single donkey, ox, or horse, was made out of wood and, and
…show more content…
The famine was followed by the destruction of harvests which resulted in food shortages, extreme hunger, and starvation. The terrible climate, as well as the introduction of new diseases, were major causes of the issues during the late Middle Ages. During the mid-fourteenth century, the Black Death began tainting Asia, followed by north Africa and Europe, which, in turn, emerged the bubonic plague. The spreading of the sickness was due to flea infested rats who were host to the deadly bacterium, Yersinia pestis. In Europe, the bubonic plague killed 50 to 60 percent of its victims and caused economical, social, political and cultural upheaval (Spielvogel,

Related Documents