The Impact Of Autism Spectrum Disorder On Special Education

1427 Words 6 Pages
Through the course of the past several years there has been an increase in the number of students that have been diagnosed with learning abilities, and in particular, Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Increase in the diagnosis of Autism among students has had an effect on Special Education and educational implications for the students with Autism. This research paper will attempt to provide an overview of Autism Spectrum Disorders and the implications that their prevalence has on the field of education.
The disorder affects three main areas of a student’s life: communication, social interaction, and patterns of behavior. Child development can be delayed, immediately, from birth, while others show normal development until they begin to lose
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They include: imitation, theory of mind, executive functioning, memory, visual processing, motor, sensory, visual processing, and intense focus. The child may have difficulty imitating gross, fine and/or oral motor movements. Imitation of verbal patterns may be compromised or diminished. If imitation skills are present, the child may demonstrate difficulty using these skills. The theory of mind includes the student’s ability to relate to how others think or feel. Individuals may have an understanding of simple feelings and emotions, but have difficulty understanding complex feelings and emotions. Often, they cannot comprehend reasons for other’s behaviors or actions. Individuals may have trouble with executive functioning which includes the ability to control one’s behavior. Impulsivity is common. The individual may have difficulty performing gross and/or fine motor activities. There may be a deficiency in balance and coordination. The child may be hyper- or hypo-sensitive to sensory stimulation. The student might have medical issues in the areas of visual, auditory, gustatory, olfactory, tactile, proprioceptive, and vestibular systems. Memory systems may be impacted. Both relevant and irrelevant information may be recalled for long periods of time. Children may be able to recall small details easily. Large pieces of information may be stored …show more content…
One out of every 68 children in the US is diagnosed with ASDs, occurring more often in boys than girls. It is not certain whether or not the increase in diagnosis comes from an actual increase or simply a better diagnosis of the disorder. Early diagnosis is important to help an autistic child make significant gains in language and social skills (Web MD, 2015). Autism is a neurological disorder. It is typically characterized by limited social communication and restricted or repetitive behavior. Symptoms usually appear early, typically during the first three years of a child’s life. And, the impairment will take its toll during the later course of life. Behavioral changes may vary from child to child (Khowaja K, Salim SS, 2015). With regard to Autistic Disorder, Lowth suggests, “At the high-functioning end of the spectrum, appropriate support, adaptation and learning, and choice of environment and role can result in a normal life with some degree of personal 'oddness ' as an adult. Even in these children the process of growing up may not always be easy, and will certainly be different for the affected child.” She goes on to say that, “The social impairments -- especially in teenaged years -- can cause great unhappiness and difficulties in forming lasting relationships, and the sometimes unusual or inappropriate manner is something that health professionals need to adapt to and be aware of.”

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