The History Of Genetic Engineering

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The FDA defines genetic engineering as a process in which recombinant DNA (rDNA) technology is used to introduce desirable traits into organisms. A genetically engineered (GE) animal is one that contains a recombinant DNA (rDNA) construct producing a new trait.
Genetic Engineering was first realized in agriculture. According to various sources genetic engineering first occurred during the domestication of plants and animals through artificial selection. The dog was the first animal around 12,000 BC substantiated by a fossil recovered at that time. Plant domestication first occurred around 10,000 BC. Wheat was found in pre-Pottery Neolithic in villages in Southeast Asia. Farmers would shape organisms to suit their needs through selective
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From Gregor Mendel’s discovery of genetic inheritance in 1865 by crossing peas to Frederick Griffith proving the existence of a transforming principle involved in inheritance in 1928 . This principle would later be recognized as DNA. After that the gene code for proteins was introduced and the double helix structure of DNA was identified. These discoveries were just the beginning. There had to be major advancements in the tools that were used. Restriction enzymes and plasmids became very important …show more content…
A main idea of Bio-ethics is that we consider who is affected by our new advancements before experimenting with them. Psychology’s description of experimental bias is a condition in which a researcher or in this case an engineer expects or desires a certain outcome in a research study or experiment that could possibly affect the outcome. As psychologists and engineers we have a responsibility to ask tough questions. Do I have an experimental bias in this research or project? How will my work affect those around me? Will this new procedure benefit many at the expense of a few? Do we have to accept these risks? Is there another way? When these questions are answered, the benefits outweigh the risks, and an engineer is using Bio-ethics in their work, is that ethically responsible? Is that enough? I personally believe so. With that said, I strongly disagree with making choices to improve our society at the risk of other humans and most animals. However, I am not sure where that line is. Why do I value a kitten over a mouse? Or why does one value a fetus over a human life or visa versus? Is that our problem? As we know most humans have a variety of ethic standards, who is right?? Who is wrong? Is there a way to compromise? We

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