The Food Export Capacity Of Northern Hemisphere Developed Countries

759 Words Dec 11th, 2015 4 Pages
As climate change will affect every stage of the food system from production and processing to distribution and consumption, there will be an immense association with a state’s capacity to trade and their ability to sustain a food secure population. Gardner concludes that the food export capacity of Northern Hemisphere developed countries could rise, while food deficit in the Global South will likely increase (120). Most of the regions of sub-Saharan Africa face structural difficulties that threaten to exacerbate the effects of climate change and hamper effective countermeasures (Gardner 131). As more than half of the African population lives in rural areas and food production has been declining for the past several decades, high population growth will put an even bigger strain on this region’s limited resources. Many African nations are highly vulnerable to economic and political disruption, further complicating their trade variability. A 1981 Berg Report fell in line with World Bank research, suggesting that Africa would gain most by specializing in agriculture (Sundaram 16). The removal of subsidies and protection in the North would give farmers in sub-Saharan Africa the opportunity to increase their shares of these markets, however, evidence of African agricultural competitiveness remains uncertain in this report, and even more so with the threats from global climate change. Sundaram indicates that Africa has remained in a declining marginal role in overall world trade…

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