Reasons For The Failure Of The Oslo Accords

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The Oslo Accords were the name given to two sets of agreements between the government of Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO). These accords signified a drastic change in relationship between the two parties. “The Oslo Accords marked the first time that the state of Israel and the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) formally recognized one another, and publicly committed to negotiate a solution to their decades-long conflict based on territorial compromise” (Al Jazeera America). There are two parts that make up the Oslo Peace Process. The first was “The Declaration of Principles for Establishing Palestinian Self Rule”, AKA Oslo I, which was signed on the 13th of September in 1993 (Shulman, 1993, 793). The second document …show more content…
I will discuss how the Oslo Peace Process came about, and why it failed. I will talk about the contributing factors that led to its failure, and I will give a personal opinion at the end on the entire peace process and future of the Middle East.

After WWI, the League of Nations established the Mandate for Palestine. It included all the land that was Israel, the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (League of Nations, 1922). The 1917 Balfour Declaration supported the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, “Nothing shall be done to prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non Jewish communities in Palestine” (Balfour, 1917). This allowed for open Jewish immigration, freedom of speech, religion, and assembly (Balfour, 1917). Appointed in 1936 the Peel Commission was sanctioned by the British government to look into the reasons for all of the unrest among Palestinian Arabs and Jews (Peel
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Prime Minister Netanyahu made it clear that he was opposed to the Oslo accords. Not only did Netanyahu want to postpone the process for the time being he had an end goal of putting a complete stop to it all together (Lesch 2008). “Netanyahu himself repeatedly denounced the accord as a violation of the historic right of the Jewish people to the land of Israel and as a mortal danger to their security” (Fawcett, 2015). In the two and a half year span that Netanyahu was in power he tried to screw up the peace process at every opportunity he got. Prime Minister Netanyahu took advantage of the legally non-mandatory clause of the Oslo Accords. He had no legal obligation to stop increasing settlements on the West Bank and as expected he did not halt the settlements (Lesch, 2008). Obviously this made the Palestinians extremely upset to the point of extremist violence, “Palestinian Islamist groups reacted by carrying out more attacks, with the Israelis not only responding in force but also pressuring Arafat to do more to police his own in order to prevent such attacks” (Lesch

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