The Prison System Analysis
Prison served the purpose of removing the deviant sects of society and enforcing surveillance on the group in hopes they would self-regulate. Foucault’s main concern was the possibility that prison mentality would spread to wider society – surveillance and segregation would become the norm.
Contrastingly, Durkheim held a move favourable view of the prison system. By punishing deviant acts and utilising the harsh sanction of prison, Durkheim believed that values and an appropriate moral standard would be reinforced on society. Essentially, Durkheim believed that prison helped shape society in dictating between right and wrong.
Ultimately, it is important to view prisons as more than just a punishment in the criminal justice system. By analysing the original purpose of prisons, the goals of prison and the countless reports of prisons’ inability to meet these goals – one can barely understand the reasons behind the existence of prisons. It is pivotal to take into account the critical perspectives of Smith, Foucault, Rusche and Kircheimer when deciding is prisons can be justified in modern day society. Prisons serve no humanitarian purpose and are ineffective – their existence propels segregation and a hostile