The End Of The Civil War Essay
The end of the Civil War resulted in the Reconstruction movement which was lead by President Andrew Johnson to try and rebuild the south. The lack of slaves called for a change in the Southern economy to make up for the missing labor forces. As the South continued to oppress African Americans through restrictive black codes, more radical ideas of reconstruction took hold. To secure African American rights despite southern tactics to undermine these gains, laws and institutions were put in place to improve the condition of African Americans’ lives.
The Emancipation Proclamation and the end of the Civil War resulted in many laws and institutions being passed and enforced to protect African American rights. The Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendment and the Civil Rights Act of 1866 and 1875 were passed within the first five years after the Civil War. In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued The Emancipation Proclamation in which he said, “I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States, and parts of States, are, and henceforward shall be free.” This proclamation was then reinforced when The Thirteenth Amendment was ratified in 1865. The Thirteenth Amendment was the most effective law put in place after the war, for it prohibited slavery and involuntary servitude throughout all of the United States and gave the federal government the authority to enforce this law despite state power. By the end of…