Essay on The Effects of Study Habbits to Academic Performance

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Hugvísindasvið

Second Language Acquisition
The Effect of Age and Motivation

Ritgerð til BA prófs

Einar Garibaldi Stefánsson Maí 2013

Háskóli Íslands Hugvísindasvið Enska

Second Language Acquisition
The Effect of Age and Motivation

Ritgerð til BA prófs í ensku Einar Garibaldi Stefánsson Kt.: 030382-4209

Leiðbeinandi: Ásrún Jóhannsdóttir Maí 2013

Abstract
This paper looks into the competence of second language acquisition by investigating how second language is acquired. Furthermore it explores the age factor in learning another language other than mother tongue and also attempts to answer if there is enough current evidence that can demonstrate clearly that starting young makes any real difference in achieving better language
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……………………...7 4.0 Age and Second Language Acquisition………………………………….…...10 4.1 Does age really matter in SLA? ………………………………..………12 5.0 Motivation and the Learning Environment.....................................................14 5.1 Motivation…………………………………………………….……….....14 5.2 Natural Setting and Instructed Setting……………………….……......16 5.3 Educational Context and Cultural Context………………………...….18 5.4 Motivation in the Learning Environment………………………..…….20 5.5 Motivation and Young Learners in the Classroom……………...….…22 6.0 Conclusion….………………………………….……….………………….…...24

SLA, MOTIVATION AND THE AGE FACTOR

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1.0 Introduction
Second Language Acquisition (SLA) refers to the study of how students learn a second language (L2) additionally to their first language (L1). Although it is referred as Second Language Acquisition, it is the process of learning any language after the first language whether it is the second, third or fourth language. Therefore, any other language apart from the first language is called a second language (SL) or also referred to as a target language (TL). To distinguish between Second Language and Foreign Language, The Collins Dictionary defines Second Language as the language that a person learns after his or her native language and Foreign Language as a

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