The Effects Of Bilingualism On Language

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From birth onwards language is a device which every human possesses, it is used as a tool to communicate and interact with other humans around us. The system of language includes the use of words, grammar and sounds. (Cambridge University Press, 2015).The use of language in humans is significant not only because it facilitates communication but also because humans are the only species who have the ability to produce language.
According to Noam Chomsky humans are “genetically pre-programmed to learn language”. Here he is referring to the LAD- language acquisition device, a device in the human brain with an innate ability to obtain and produce language. (Bower, 2013).For example in speech there are certain sounds that can only humans can produce.
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The purpose of this survey is to analyse and critique 2-3 number of studies on the effects of bilingualism on the language development of children. In the end of the survey I will draw conclusion on in which area the effects of bilingualism are positive or negative and why. The three chosen areas are;
1) Semantic: The area of linguistics which focuses at the meaning of language. (Crystal, 2008, p428)

2) Syntax: an area that looks at the structure of grammar, meaning what rules direct what words in a sentence which enables these to build into a language. (Crystal, 2008,
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In order to carry out this experiment Sheng et al (2013) chose 60 participants (30-Spanish-English bilingual participants and 30 –English monolingual participants) from the age 7 years 3 months to 9 years 11 months. Since the aim is to investigate the effects of age and language experience the chosen participants were divided in 2 language experience categories higher English Experience (HEE) and Higher Spanish Experience (HSE). Age wise they differed orthogonally; younger and older children, (Appendix, A. Figure 1). Similar the second study aimed to examine lexical organization in 12 mandarin – English bilingual and 12 English monolingual children between the ages of 5-8 years. Lexical semantics is a field of semantics that looks at meaning of words and the relations between them (Oxford University Press, 2015).The experiment had two parts to it one comparing L1 and L2 in bilingual children and comparing bilingual and monolingual

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