The Effect Of Caffeine Intake During Pregnancy On The Development Of A Fetus

724 Words Nov 13th, 2016 3 Pages
Out of the 15 articles chosen for this systematic review, 10 articles revealed data indicating a certain amount of daily caffeine intake during pregnancy can negatively affected the development of a fetus. The remaining five articles reported insufficient evidence to support that maternal caffeine consumption inhibits fetal growth. Mixed results were found in some articles, reporting both safety in consuming, as well as potential risks. Even with conflicting results, some evidence did link maternal caffeine intake with birth defects. Concluding there could be serious potential risks related to consuming caffeine while pregnant.
While some articles included suggested limits on the amount of caffeine that can be consumed safely during pregnancy, one particular amount was not agreed upon throughout the articles in this review. Both The European Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology & Reproductive Biology and Maternal and Child Health Journal concluded that caffeine can begin to affect the condition of a fetus with consumption of 300 mg per day and anything under this amount has no effect or negative outcomes (Jarosz, 2012, p.157; Hoyt, 2014, p. 1545). Food and Chemical Toxicology found that 200 mg is the safer limit of caffeine intake, their results which show indicate consumption under 300 mg can still have negative effects on a fetus, such as smaller gestational length (Partosch, 2015, p. 296). BMC Medicine and The European Journal of Epidemiology caution that even an amount as…

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