Essay on The Discovery Of The Penicillin

898 Words Mar 7th, 2016 4 Pages
In 1945, Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain, and Sir Howard Walter Florey receive the Nobel Prize in Physiology (medicine) for their work on creating penicillin, but Norman Heatley, who also helped develop penicillin, did not receive the Nobel Prize for his work. If it were not for Heatley, the other scientists he worked with, and the scientists before him, the creation of the drug we know as penicillin today would not have been created. Penicillin is considered the first antibiotic drug in modern medical history that created a pinnacle turning point in pharmacology; its creation opened the door to many more antibiotics to be created. But what did this miraculous drug come from? Many would think it came from a rare substance that was known for it amazing capabilities, but actually, penicillin came from a type of mold called Penicillium notatum. Penicillin was first discovered in London, England, in the year 1928 by Doctor Alexander Fleming. Fleming was a bacteriologist at St. Mary’s Hospital and at the time was returning from a trip to Scotland. Upon is his return, Fleming noticed that a mold called Penicillium notatum contaminated his petri dishes filled with Staphylococcus aureus. When the dishes were placed under a microscope, he noticed that the mold prevented the growth of the Staphylococcus. He spent the next weeks growing enough of the Penicillium to confirm this finding. Fleming concluded that there was a factor present in Penicillium that allowed it to…

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