Essay on The Disaster Of Haiti : Earthquake

2218 Words 9 Pages
On January 12, 2010, in the late afternoon, the people of Haiti were struck by an earthquake without any warning. The magnitude of this earthquake was a 7.0, yet it was one of the worst natural disasters in history. Due to the fact that Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, to this day they have not been able to fully recover. This natural hazard was categorized as a catastrophe because the consequences were far beyond the area. It has required huge expenditures, time and money for recovery. Several things made this earthquake different from most earthquakes of similar magnitude. First, it occurred in a heavily populated area- the population of Port-au-Price preceding the earthquake was nearly 3 million. Second, buildings in the affected area were not constructed to withstand strong seismic shaking (Clauge, 2015). The consequences of an earthquake depend on a lot of things such as the magnitude, depth, director of a fault rupture, distance from populated areas, nature of the local earth materials and engineering and construction practices. The differences in some of these factors demonstrate how the magnitude 7.1 earthquake in San Francisco in 1989 caused only 63 deaths and 4000 injured compared to the number of deaths and injuries in Haiti. This earthquake left more than 316,00 dead or missing, 300,000 injured and over 1.3 million homeless. According to the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), the earthquake that hit Haiti was the “most…

Related Documents