The Four Types Of Euthanasia And Physician Assisted Suicide

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Euthanasia and Physicians Assisted Suicide or PAS is one of the most controversial issues talked about in the legal and medical profession. Although the ending result is that the patient ends up losing their life, Euthanasia and Physicians Assisted Suicide differ. Euthanasia is defined as the painless ending of someone’s life for reasons of mercy. Euthanasia is also known as “mercy killing”. Whereas Physicians assisted suicide is defined as the act in which a physician provides the means for suicide of the terminally ill. The patient however has to complete the final action that causes his or her death such as swallowing lethal drugs. By the Greek definition Euthanasia means a “Good Death”. A good and painless death is when the life is taken …show more content…
Those 4 types are active, passive, voluntary, and involuntary. Active Euthanasia is defined as the medical professional or another persondoing something deliberately that causes the patient to die. For example injecting a person with a lethal drug to end their life. Passive Euthanasia happens when the medical professional or another person purposely does something or stops doing something that is keeping the patient alive. Examples of passive euthanasia include turning off life support machines, disconnecting a feeding tube, failure to give life extending drugs, or failure to carry out life extending operations. Many people often make a moral difference in active and passive euthanasia. Believing that is acceptable to not treat and allow a patient to die. However it is never acceptable to kill a patient by a deliberate act. There are those individuals who feel that this difference is nonsense. Killing is killing whether you do it yourself by “pulling the plug” or by giving the lethal medication and allowing the patient to do it for themselves.
The other two types of Euthanasia include voluntary and involuntary. Voluntary euthanasia is the terminally ill patient wanting to die. This includes the patient asking for help with dying, refusing necessary medical treatment, asking for life support machines to be turned off, refusing to eat or just simply deciding to die. Whereas involuntary euthanasia is the patient cannot make the decision or not make their wishes of wanting to die known. The other not so common types of Euthanasia include competence, dignity, DNR (do not resuscitate), and palliative

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