Those 4 types are active, passive, voluntary, and involuntary. Active Euthanasia is defined as the medical professional or another persondoing something deliberately that causes the patient to die. For example injecting a person with a lethal drug to end their life. Passive Euthanasia happens when the medical professional or another person purposely does something or stops doing something that is keeping the patient alive. Examples of passive euthanasia include turning off life support machines, disconnecting a feeding tube, failure to give life extending drugs, or failure to carry out life extending operations. Many people often make a moral difference in active and passive euthanasia. Believing that is acceptable to not treat and allow a patient to die. However it is never acceptable to kill a patient by a deliberate act. There are those individuals who feel that this difference is nonsense. Killing is killing whether you do it yourself by “pulling the plug” or by giving the lethal medication and allowing the patient to do it for themselves.
The other two types of Euthanasia include voluntary and involuntary. Voluntary euthanasia is the terminally ill patient wanting to die. This includes the patient asking for help with dying, refusing necessary medical treatment, asking for life support machines to be turned off, refusing to eat or just simply deciding to die. Whereas involuntary euthanasia is the patient cannot make the decision or not make their wishes of wanting to die known. The other not so common types of Euthanasia include competence, dignity, DNR (do not resuscitate), and palliative