The Devastation Of American Indians In The 16th Century

Superior Essays
The Devastation of American Indians

Before the arrival of the Europeans in the 16th century, the American Indians in North America lived comfortable lives. They lived in harmony with the environment and had strong rules to abide by. The arrival of the Europeans brought different struggles to the indigenous. All of a sudden, they had to share territory with them and impart new methods to survive. Little did they know that the Europeans would use up their resources for themselves and become more hostile as they grew larger demographically. Many of the American Indians died in the hands of the colonist due to war and most importantly disease. The American Indian’s relationship with the colonials was devastating because the introduction of new
…show more content…
Introducing new technology to the American Indians produced tribes to compete over resources and land. “The English arrived in 1607” and established the colony Jamestown (). They were unaccustomed to the weather and Indigenous people took pity and showed them basic survival skills. The colonist transported many goods from Europe that the American Indians have never seen or used before. The settlers introduced guns, tools, and horses to the indigenous. They taught them how to use them and in turn the indigenous people started trading, fur, food and survival tips for it. The American Indians did benefit from new objects, “At first, trade with the European settlers brought advantages” (). The firearms assisted the Indians to hunt more effectively than the original bow and arrows. Jean Nicolet, an American Indian of the Winnebago tribe says that since they never heard a gun, they thought the guns were “thunderbirds” (). The tools, such as axes, made cutting down trees easier for shelter and fire. The horses, an advancement in traveling, allowed them to roam at a much quicker pace than foot. However, the Indians that received the goods first had a …show more content…
The English had about as many females as males which created high reproduction rates. There was also the constant flow of immigrants from Great Britain to New England. The East coast of New England had to expand to fit the new families. The colonists main goal was to colonize vast areas of land, especially the American Indian territories. As the colonists were expanding, they attempted to convert the Indians’ religion and culture to Protestantism. The American Indians were bothered by this and decided to take action. Some tribes set fire to colonial communities () others wanted to revolt (). “The first of the important Indian uprisings occurred in Virginia in 1622, when some 347 whites were killed, including a number of missionaries who had just recently come to Jamestown” (). This ultimately sparked other tribes of the area to do the same and in 1634, the start of the Pequot War. The Pequot War was a conflict between the Pequot people against the English colonists and their Native allies over land in Connecticut. The English colonists of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay were expanding into more territory. The Pequot people have lived on that land for several hundred years. The English colonists played a strategic move by aligning themselves with the Pequot’s enemies the Mohegan’s. In the end, the Pequot people were outnumbered and lost the land, many people

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    Fast-forward a year, in September 1760, the French militia officially surrendered to Amherst in Montreal.5 The British victory in the French and Indian War had profound effects on both the British Empire as well as the American colonists. At first, it lead to development of British territorial claims in the New World, but the price of the war had drastically increased Britain 's debt. The war also caused significant hatred towards the colonists among the English leaders, who were not pleased with the sometimes meager economic and military help they had received from the colonists throughout the entire battle. All these elements joined to convince many English leaders that the colonies needed a huge reformation and that the dominant ruling power should be in London. Great Britain now “possessed nearly the entirety of eastern North America-an Empire unimaginable a few decades earlier”.…

    • 1085 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The native americans soon realized that more english were going to arrive. In order to protect what they had, the native americans struck back, which led to an uprising in 1622. Throughout the years, more uprisings, battles, and wars took place. For example, in 1637, the Pequot War was fought between the English in the Massachusetts Bay colony and the Pequot indians. Another example is King Phillip’s war, that was fought as Indian attempt to drive out English settlers.…

    • 535 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Great Awakening Dbq

    • 1208 Words
    • 5 Pages

    This not only affected the colonists’ relations with the Natives but also with Britain. His uprisings illustrated social tensions between the colonists and the Natives as they Natives were unhappy with colonists bring in so many settlers and taking so much land. As a result of these uprisings the British signed a peace treaty with Pontiac and his followers, known as the Proclamation of 1763, which gave Indian control of the region and made it off limits for colonists. This proclamation was the first step in angering the colonists because the colonists felt deprived of the land that they felt should be theirs. In the grand scheme of things, this treaty was one in many things that the British did to the colonists at the end of the French and Indian War which caused severe strain in their relationship which would lead the colonists to eventually want independence (also taxed and strictly regulated them).…

    • 1208 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    England was unlike Spain and France, as they had a society of exclusion. Using indentured servants instead of Natives allowed English settlements to be larger and better colonized. Yet in New England the Puritans did try to convert them. They organized groups of natives in “praying towns” in order for reform. Whether it be for greater tobacco expansion or new settlements, more and more land was needed, and some Native American tribes grew hostile.…

    • 1127 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Superior Essays

    With vengeance and greed on their minds, the wars brought out the worst in the people, namely the Iroquoian tribes. Not only were they expanding north, but they continued west as well. Their expansion west pushed the Algonquin out of the Ohio area, and as well as the Lakota from the east. This event altered the Lakota’s lifestyle to a nomadic one as they were now in the Plains and had just to adjust to their new surroundings. It wasn’t until the French lead a counter attack that the Iroquoian stopped their expansion.…

    • 1528 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    This was the reason for the French and Indian war. After the British defeated the French and left to go back home, they had to turn back because the Native Americans did not want their home land to be taken over by the British. For this reason there was an uprising of Native Indians attacking settlers and colonies, known as Pontiacs rebellion. Though the British were victorious in both of these conflicts, it was a heavy toll on British’s economy because they had spent so much money fighting the wars. During these conflicts, colonists were cutting every corner to avoid paying taxes to the country that was helping them.…

    • 1796 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Native Indians occupied the mountainous regions and sustained their independence by trading with both the English and French (Tindall & Shi, 2013). Ultimately, the French and Indian War involved three parties, French, English, and Indians concerning their ongoing struggle of controlled territories. Nevertheless, the British had larger resources and without the help of their Indian allies, the French gave up, resulting in losing the continent of North America. Subsequently, tension continued to rise between the English and the colonists after the French and Indian War because England demanded that the colonists pay for the…

    • 767 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    All wars cause effects on the world which must be accepted, whether they are virtuous or wicked. Some effects can change the social world and the economy. The United States, while under British rule, clashed with the French while the rest of the world prospered. The colonies forced the French out of North America, and in return the British devastated their lives. The devastation created distrust and frequent uprisings between the colonists and the British, thus inspiring the creation of the United States from under another country’s shadow.…

    • 1297 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    In order to reinforce the ‘law’, permanente british forces paid by taxes gathered from the colonies, were placed in the region, generating anger and spearheading the roots of the American revolution. For the natives who belonged of the interior Indian tribes life was not better after the war. The ones, who were in cahoots with the French, were now seen as a problem and as far as both colonist and british forces were concerned, they had to go. The natives who decided to be on the british side soon lost strength, the confederacy fractured, and quickly the British took control of the Ohio…

    • 1327 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    government uprooting whole tribes from their "sacred and ancestral lands and forcing them to walk hundreds of miles to reach far western territories." (pg.431) This long and painful journey was known as the Trail of Tears and it created even more hatred and tension between the U.S. and the Native Americans. Realizing that a peaceful settlement was impossible, the Native Americans began to fight back. However, their attacks did not come out on top and they were all eventually rounded up. Even after all that suffering, the White Man thought it was a good idea to force Indians to adopt their culture and become civilized, as if they hadn 't already taken enough.…

    • 706 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays