Essay on The Declaration Of World War I

1576 Words Nov 20th, 2015 null Page
The first document is a transcript of a speech given by United States President Woodrow Wilson at the third Plenary Session of the Paris Peace Conference, which took place on February 14th, 1919 following the end of World War I. The speech was addressed to the Chairman of the Conference, French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau. During the speech, Wilson presents the draft of the Covenant of the League of Nations, which he interrupts sparingly to provide clarifying remarks. After reading the Covenant, Wilson provides his commentary. The document only includes Wilson’s remarks and commentary, and excludes the body of the drafted Covenant. Wilson claims in the speech that the particulars of the resulting draft were reached unanimously. He presents the fourteen nations represented at the Conference, and describes them as “a union of wills which cannot be resisted.” The League of Nations was tasked with the arbitration of the world’s disputes, and with having the authority to compel compliance if any nation party to the League refuse to comply, though as a last resort. Wilson defines the League of Nations as functional in establishing international peace and security, and as a vehicle “which can be used for cooperation in any international matter”, such as in improvement of labor conditions, commerce, and finance. Germany, the aggressor in World War I, is not mentioned in Wilson’s commentary nor in the Covenant of the League of Nations. The second document is a transcript…

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