The Debate Over Stem Cell Research Essay

1663 Words Jun 5th, 2015 null Page
Stem cells are defined as undifferentiated cells of humans that have the potential to develop into different cell types. During division, each stem cell can either remain the same or differentiate into another type of cell with a specialized function. There are two different types of stem cells - adult and embryonic. The difference between these two stem cells is derived from its capability to differentiate into different cell types. Adult stem cells are limited in what type of cells they can develop into, while embryonic stem cells can develop into any type of cell. Thus, human embryonic stem cells (hESC’s) are more desired by those conducting research. Research with hESC’s can lead to major cures, enhanced biological education, and more. The only problem is that obtaining hESC’s for research requires destroying a human embryo. The controversy in the process of obtaining hESC’s consequently limits the availability of hESC for research.
Embryonic stem cell research continues to be a hotly debated issue in the United States. Critics argue that using hESC’s goes against ethics; however, researchers argue otherwise, supporting the claim that using hESC’s is, in fact, morally justified and beneficial to society such as multiple cancer, multiple sclerosis, blindness, spinal cord injuries, and human immunodeficiency virus/ acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS). More research with hESC’s promises major breakthroughs and therapeutic advancements that can cure diseases that…

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