The Death Penalty Is The Legal Execution Of Criminals Based On Crime And Judicial Rulings

1482 Words Oct 17th, 2014 6 Pages
Griffin Thomason
Dr. Carpenter
ENG 101Z
The “Eighth” Debate
Capital punishment or otherwise known as the death penalty is the legal execution of criminals based on crime and judicial rulings. The judicial decree of this punishment is death, while execution is the actual enforcement. Offenses and crimes that can result in capital punishment are known as capital crimes or offenses. The death penalty has been instituted in the United States for over four-hundred years. The first recorded execution (America) was Captain George Kendall, a spy for Spain, in the Jamestown colony of Virginia in 1608. Leading into the nineteenth century many states reduced capital punishment due to the construction of penitentiaries. Some states quickly abolished the penalty, but most kept hold of the punishment. Opposition to the death penalty declined during the civil war due to attention on anti-slavery. In the 20th century the death penalty went back on the rise due to The Great Depression and Prohibition. Today, lethal injection is the dominant form of capital punishment. The death penalty contains numerous examples of how it should remain instituted as well as abolished. (DPIC History) Two Supreme Court cases that have heated up the debate on capital punishment in recent years. Baze v. Rees, the first case, tested the constitutionality of lethal injections. In a 7-2 court justice decision called on April 16, 2008, the court ruled that the method of lethal injection used in almost…

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