The Colonies Of New England And The Chesapeake Essay

1393 Words Sep 16th, 2015 6 Pages
In the 1600s, England’s two most prominent colonies in the Americas were busily evolving into disparate societies with different goals and social structures, even though the people who settled Massachusetts Bay, Virginia, and their surrounding colonies all emigrated from the same country. This difference in overall development occurred due to the contrasting motives of the colonists departing for New England and the Chesapeake. The people who would become New Englanders were motivated by the potential for a better life and the freedom to practice their religion which caused the formation of a peaceable and family-oriented culture. In comparison, the people who would populate the Chesapeake region embarked for it with the intention of becoming rich, which led to a less peaceful society and a definite class distinction. The colonies of New England, most of which eventually became a part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, were highly focused on religion. Massachusetts Bay itself was founded by Puritan refugees escaping persecution. While on board the ship that would take him there, Massachusetts Bay’s first governor, John Winthrop, who served in his position for 19 years, wrote to tell his future neighbors how the colony he would come to live in ought to behave. He famously stated that the inhabitants should act as if their colony were “a city on a hill” and behave piously for all to see (Document 1). Plymouth Colony, which neighbored and eventually became a part of…

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