The Cold War Between Communism And Capitalism Essays

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Following World War Two, tensions were high between the USA and Soviet Russia. The two countries had been part of an alliance during the war, but after Hitler’s defeat the Russians initiated a struggle for global supremacy between communism and capitalism that was to last the next forty-five years (Roberts, 2013). This struggle became known as the ‘cold war’. During the height of this ‘war’, the US government had ‘committed vast resources’ to an extremely effective programme of anti-communist propaganda intended to combat the negative portrayal of the US by the USSR (p.1, Saunders, 1999). The CIA utilised certain individuals as well as front organisations – such as the Congress for Cultural Freedom (CCF), the National Student Association (NSA), and the Committee of Correspondence (CoC) – which appeared to be spontaneous groups formed by concerned citizens but were actually covertly funded by the CIA. These individuals and organisations made up the CIA’s ‘propaganda assets inventory’ which became unofficially known as ‘Wisner’s Wurlitzer’, as at a push of a button Frank Wisner, father of American covert operations, could play any tune he desired (Saunders, 1999). The CIA themselves stated that the ‘most effective kind of propaganda’ is that which causes the ‘subject’ to move ‘in the direction you desire for reasons which he believes to be his own’ (United States, 1976). Therefore, to remain effective it was important to maintain the illusion that the programme did not exist…

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