Aztec Civilization Of Mexico: The Battle Of Tenochtitlán

Good Essays
Battle of Tenochtitlán

The Battle of Tenochtitlán took place in the city of Tenochtitlán from 26 May to 13 August 1521. It narrates how the Aztec Empire commanded by Moctezuma II fell to the Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés. Despite the numerous battles between the Spaniards and the Aztecs, the Aztecs were unable to defeat Hernán Cortés and his troops. The Spaniards weapon superiority, indigenous assistance and other key factors led to the downfall of the Aztec civilization. This episode marked the first phase of the Spanish conquest in Mexico and colonization of the Americas (New World Encyclopedia, 2013). Many factors led to the fall of the Aztec civilization. Leadership change, a smallpox outbreak depleted a large portion of their people and had they had a better understanding of the Spaniard’s tactics and maneuver procedures, they would have won the battle which intern would have led to the survival of their race.
The Aztec civilization thrived between the years 1345 and 1521 CE. The Aztecs were the most well-known empire in Mesoamerica. Moctezuma II, the ruler, spread religion and ideals across
…show more content…
Some rebel states would take advantage of gaining independence when the Spaniards arrived. The initial relationship between Cortés and Moctezuma II was friendly. However, it did not last, due to the killing of a group of Spanish soldiers which cause future issues (New World Encyclopedia, 2013).
When Cortés was away in Vera Cruz, Pedro de Alvarado was in left in command. During this time, the Aztecs asked for permission to put on their annual festival to show the Spaniards their traditions. The festival entailed the Aztecs showing up unarmed and unprepared. The Spaniards had ideas of their own. They arrived in full battle mode, ready to take out the Aztecs. The Spaniards ended up killing about 10,000 Aztecs during the festival. This came to be known as “The Massacre in the Main Temple” (New World Encyclopedia,

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    The Rise Of The Aztecs

    • 903 Words
    • 4 Pages

    After the first attack of the Aztecs, they were driven back on July 1st 1520. They suffered from the sad night, also known as la noche triste (a heavy loss). After this victory for the Aztecs, they selected a 10th king. The 10th king was Cuitahuac, he was the king of 1520, shortly after their victory. The first smallpox epidemic ended up hitting the empire in the same year, causing the death of Cuitahuac.…

    • 903 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    After the native uprising in Tenochtitlan and the escape named Noche Triste, the Spanish were quite exposed. The Aztecs regrouped with the new leader Cuitlahuac, gaining some success over the Spanish when smallpox hit. Cuitlahuac was said to not even have ruled for forty days before succumbing to the disease along with his successor Cuitlahuatzin whom only ruled eighty days. Along with the Aztec rulers, the estimates of epidemic mortality in the Aztec Empire are estimated as three and a half million people. The loss of life directly from the disease was so colossal, that many also died from famine due to the lack of meal and many of the women being too sick to make bread.…

    • 1326 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The final battle of the Mexican-American War was the battle over the capture of Mexico City. After the defeating the soldiers who were defending the causeways, the American troops arrived at Mexico city where they faced heavy resistance from the citizens of Mexican City as well as Mexican Soldiers. Once the soldiers had been defeated, General Winfield Scott preceded to capture Mexico City. General Santa Anna announced his resignation in a meeting with the generals and fled the city in fear of being captured. Manuel de la Peña became president after the resignation of Santa Anna and on September 14, 1847 Manuel de la Peña surrendered Mexico…

    • 1562 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Hernán created alliances with the Totonacs and the nahaus to join the march to Moctezuma. This was done to bring fear to the Aztecs. He also massacred thousands and burned part of Tenochtitlan. Scared of further attack, Moctezuma gave golds to the Spanish. After learning that many Spaniards were killed by Aztecs on the coast, Hernán took Moctezuma hostage.…

    • 738 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The Massacre of the Great Temple is a famous incident that occurred during the overtaking of the Aztec Capital city ‘Tenichititlan’ by the Spanish in the year 1520. While this famous massacre is most often remembered of the fall of the Aztec Empire, and the rise of Spanish domination in the region, the fall of the empire was most attributed to Hernan Cortes and his small army of men disregarding orders from the Spanish crown, and using violence and persuasion to bring down an empire. In the years leading up to this famous massacre, there was a long background in Mexico and South America for the Spanish soldiers and explorers led by the Conquistador Hernan Cortes. Cortes arrived in Hisponola in 1504 and after spending years there gaining influence, he travelled to Cuba where this influence increased…

    • 994 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Knowing the significance of written report to the Europeans from their 8 years of subordination, the rebels shattered Spanish credentials and returned to their inherited ways of recall, thus concluding off conformist historical inquisition. The Spanish revisit in 1692 was a forces conquest, but it did not pilot to a full renovation of their influence, due in part to the Spanish themselves. Worldly Spanish official began trying to rule “their” Indians in open-minded terms. They saw the New Mexican populace as potential allies in the game of transcontinental…

    • 910 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The spread of diseases also lowered the Incas communication which is what made the Incas strong. 90% of the Inca civilization was affected by a disease (Knighton 2016). The diseases also helped the civil war begin and weakened their community. Without the diseases being spread the Incas would have outnumbered the Conquistadores by a huge amount and could have won the war. The sickness is why the Conquistadores were able to enter without anyone knowing.…

    • 1488 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Aztec Empire Essay

    • 899 Words
    • 4 Pages

    When the Spanish landed, Montecozuma sent them gifts, which would lead to the downfall of Tenochtitlan and the Aztec empire. The Spanish were were consumed by their want for gold. Montecozuma treated Cortez like he was Itzcoatl returned, showering him with gold and gifts. The Spanish believed the Aztecs were barbarians. Cortez formed an alliance with other tribes surrounding Tenochtitlan, giving him an army of thousands to fight the Aztecs.…

    • 899 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Aztec Culture Essay

    • 524 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The worldview changed both with good and bad. A Lot of people were killed and the way they treat people now is a lot different than back then. They also don't have human sacrifice anymore and many people still study the Aztecs and will forever be in the history of the world. They ended with victory. The conquistadores lay the Aztec empire to waste, erasing the remnants of the culture as best they could, scorching Tenochtitlán by fire, leveling its temples.…

    • 524 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    HIST 100 Summary

    • 1097 Words
    • 5 Pages

    As a Mexican American I grew up with family living in Mexico discussing how the Spanish ruined the indigenous people. Creating a wide gap between the Spanish and the Aztec. There was a lot of persecution towards the Aztecs as horrific monsters that needed to be reformed into the catholic religion. These same issues were had in Northern America, which lead to the destruction of entire cultures. At the same time I call this era a grand movement because with out this period the Mexican culture wouldn’t have been created, massive amount of Europeans would have died from the plague or starvation and no one would be were they are without this period in human history.…

    • 1097 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays