Aztec Civilization Of Mexico: The Battle Of Tenochtitlán

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Battle of Tenochtitlán

The Battle of Tenochtitlán took place in the city of Tenochtitlán from 26 May to 13 August 1521. It narrates how the Aztec Empire commanded by Moctezuma II fell to the Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés. Despite the numerous battles between the Spaniards and the Aztecs, the Aztecs were unable to defeat Hernán Cortés and his troops. The Spaniards weapon superiority, indigenous assistance and other key factors led to the downfall of the Aztec civilization. This episode marked the first phase of the Spanish conquest in Mexico and colonization of the Americas (New World Encyclopedia, 2013). Many factors led to the fall of the Aztec civilization. Leadership change, a smallpox outbreak depleted a large portion of their people and had they had a better understanding of the Spaniard’s tactics and maneuver procedures, they would have won the battle which intern would have led to the survival of their race.
The Aztec civilization thrived between the years 1345 and 1521 CE. The Aztecs were the most well-known empire in Mesoamerica. Moctezuma II, the ruler, spread religion and ideals across
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Some rebel states would take advantage of gaining independence when the Spaniards arrived. The initial relationship between Cortés and Moctezuma II was friendly. However, it did not last, due to the killing of a group of Spanish soldiers which cause future issues (New World Encyclopedia, 2013).
When Cortés was away in Vera Cruz, Pedro de Alvarado was in left in command. During this time, the Aztecs asked for permission to put on their annual festival to show the Spaniards their traditions. The festival entailed the Aztecs showing up unarmed and unprepared. The Spaniards had ideas of their own. They arrived in full battle mode, ready to take out the Aztecs. The Spaniards ended up killing about 10,000 Aztecs during the festival. This came to be known as “The Massacre in the Main Temple” (New World Encyclopedia,

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