The Battle Of Spart A Spartan Poet From The Middle Of The Seventh Century

1493 Words Jan 29th, 2015 6 Pages
Tyrtaeus was a Spartan poet from around the middle of the seventh century BC. His identity remains unknown. In Ancient Greek stories, he was variously speculated to have been a poet sent by Athens to help the Spartans, a lame schoolmaster and composer, and a Spartan general. Some scholars even doubt his existence. Nonetheless, fragments and four of Tyrtaeus ' elegies remain. Despite this few number, Tyrtaeus is the main source of evidence for his period of Spartan history, during which Sparta was engaged in the Second Messenian War and transformed into a militaristic state. Tyrtaeus wrote poetry that encouraged Spartans to fight bravely and his elegies inspired the Spartans to regain their lost ideals and military efficiency. Soldiers advanced into battle to the poetry of Tyrtaeus to rouse the spirit and inspire courage. His poems projected a favourable view of Sparta and its warriors, and thus were propaganda used to enforce Spartan devotion and bravery to the state. These poems were taught as a part of the Spartan education in the agoge, designed to teach the correct attitudes of eunomia, encourage citizen loyalty and train soldiers to fight without fear. Therefore, Tyrtaeus ' poems are biased in their attitude to Sparta, idealising the Spartan military regime.
Alcman was choral lyric poet from Sparta whose origins are obscure. Some believe that he came from Sardis in Lydia; others that he was a freed slave or that he was Spartan born and bred. He was active in the last…

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