The Battle Of Gettysburg: Turning Point Of American Civil War

Great Essays
Mistake of the Battle of Gettysburg The battle of Gettysburg is always described as the “turning point” of American Civil War. After this battle, confederate army had never taken offensive to the north again and eventually lost the war. The battle of Gettysburg took place at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania July 1-- July 3, 1863 and ended up with Confederacy 's defeat, which broke the myth of confederate’s invincibility and caused large number of casualties. However, this failure could be easily avoided by correcting the tactics. General Lee and General Longstreet had several disagreements on tactics, respectively, the day before the battle, the first day of the battle and the second day of the battle; Lee insisted to fight enemy at Gettysburg, but …show more content…
He made this suggestion based on three reasons. Firstly, union army would outnumber the confederate army enormously. According to the spy, there were around hundred thousand union men marching toward Gettysburg and would be arrived soon(31). What was worse, the commanders of confederate army had totally no idea about this . They ordered to spread out their force very thin (32). Secondly, it was a good timing for confederate to move to the south. Union army just took the replacement of General Hooker with General Meade, so, it would take Meade a period of time to be familiar with his army and confederate could use this chance to move to another field (36). Additionally, confederate army was at enemy’s territory, Pennsylvania (36). That is to say, confederate army was neither acquainted with the terrain well nor close to local people, which brought following difficulty of layout and supply. Because of those three reasons, Longstreet thought confederate was not ready for a battle yet. General Lee, however, viewed the situation oppositely from Longstreet. Lee believed that they should go after enemy’s army as long as they had a chance, because they were not sure about enemy’s position and the conjunction of Gettysburg could be useful. Also,for Lee, Longstreet’s spy was not

Related Documents

  • Improved Essays

    It all started when the “Union cavalry under Brig. Gen. John Buford slowed the Confederate advance until Union infantry, the Union 1st and 11th Corps, arrived and more Confederate reinforcements under generals A.P. Hill and Richard Ewell reached the scene, however, and 30,000 Confederates ultimately defeated 20,000 Yankees, who fell back through Gettysburg to the hills south of town--Cemetery Hill and Culp 's Hill” (1 Civil War Trust). It was the fishhook shaped hills which and military strategy of General Meade which help decide the outcome of this battle allowing for a strong defense not allowing any Southern troops to progress. Compared to the other battles in the civil war this was over twice the average from any other civil war battle.…

    • 1095 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    According to DBQ doc.A shows how after the battle of Gettysburg Robert E.Lee questioned leading his army anywhere but in the south. This shows that Robert. E Lee questioned his choices after leading the Confederates into the north. A third way the battle of Gettysburg made Robert. E Lee question his strategies were because he wasn't meeting the expectations of the people.…

    • 843 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Superior Essays

    In April 1861, General Robert E. Lee was offered command of the Union Army by Abraham Lincoln. Lee declined this offer writing “I cannot raise my hand against my birthplace, my home, my children,” (p.81). The General a few days later, accepted his appointment as commander in chief to Virginia;s military. Lee knew that the North was plentiful in resources so they would win a war of abrasion. With this in mind, he hoped that the south could win a few battles and pressure Lincoln to stop the fighting.…

    • 1076 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Superior Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Battle of Gettysburg gave all momentum to the North by thwarting yet another Confederate attack and leaving Lee’s army in pieces (Shaara 331). Up until that point it was hard to say who was “winning the war” but Union victory tipped the scale in their favor and it stayed that way for the remainder of the war. Had Robert E. Lee not lost the Battle of Gettysburg it would have been very likely for the Confederacy to have completed their invasion of the North and won the war. The Battle of Appomattox set up a chain reaction of surrenders in the South and ultimately the defeat of the Confederacy. Lee’s army was one of the first to surrender themselves to Union forces.…

    • 1374 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Lincoln during the battle was on his own without the help of Congress because they weren’t in session. (The Civil War V.6 5-7) Abraham Lincoln once said in a letter to H. L. Pierce on April 6, 1859, "Those Who Deny Freedom to Others Deserve It Not for Themselves….” Lincoln was saying that slavery is wrong and those who let it pass as “moral” don’t deserve to be free. Lincoln believed that slavery was…

    • 703 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    The Confederacy now without banks and without gold it did the one thing it could, printed excess amounts of money. Due to the Confederate Constitution the Confederacy, which forbade the central government to impose taxes on states, they were not able to collect taxes to support the large printing at hand, the Confederacy was nearly broke. Since the majority of men in the South were fighting in the war the southern agricultural land was losing value and crops rapidly. This decline in crops caused the South to not be able to feed their civilization and military population. Throughout the war food was scarce and towards the end of the war many parts of the South suffered from starvation.…

    • 1223 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    They had to have gotten the news of the surrender by then right? That was the last recorded battle of the Civil War and it ended in a confederate victory. The confederacy may have lost a huge battle at Gettysburg, but you can’t call it a turning point in the Civil War when the South keeps fighting for ten months after the battle. They fight the north for over a month after the surrender at Appomattox Court House. The loss at Gettysburg hurt them, but didn’t change anything right…

    • 1070 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    His departure from North America was based upon his brain not ready to acknowledge defeat amid the Civil War. (Schaller 570) Thus, creating the impression that leaving America was a pattern quickly developed after the war on the grounds that more than ten-thousand confederates exiled themselves and moved somewhere else including to different nations. Some military men moved their whole families somewhere else and became military consultants to outside governments. Another real effect amid this time came on January 31, 1865, when congress proposed the 13th Amendment, unfortunately this was short lived due to the death of President Abraham Lincoln. On April 14, 1865, Individuals all through North America grieved over his passing, while numerous individuals in the South celebrated over it.…

    • 2072 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    Unlike most wars, this war was projected to take a few months, if that, not four years. With the war over the nation faced the destruction of war. With the Civil War over the Emancipation Proclamation, which Abraham Lincoln enforced, finally took action in government by all states (United States of America). This document was beneficial to the North but devastating to the South. It helped the North by freeing all of the slaves; however, with no slaves to keep the South’s economy stable, it took an enormous blow and it crumbled to nothing.…

    • 1261 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays
  • Improved Essays

    When he took office the nation was already divided (Bos “Abraham”,1). Only a short month after Lincoln began his first term, shots were fired at Fort Sumter by the Confederates starting the Civil War (Bos “Abraham”,2). Initially the Union was expected to be able to handle such attacks as the South’s but, military leaders in the North didn’t serve their purpose (Bos “Abraham”,2). Soon after President Lincoln realized he needed to make a quick and drastic change to his military (Bos “Abraham”,2). Early on the war was about keeping the nation whole, but as fighting continued the war became about much more than that (Bos “Abraham”,3).…

    • 1380 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Improved Essays