Elizabeth Barnes Mere-Difference Of Disability Essay
Mere-difference does not imply that it is indifferent to cause or cure disability, because of these intrinsic bads. Therefore, it is wrong to cause bads upon a person by giving them a disability. Her supporters will reference Section 2.1.3 of her paper that states: “the mere-difference view can also allow that disability—by itself, independent of its social context—involves the loss of intrinsic goods, but is nevertheless neutral with respect to well-being.” In addition to intrinsic bads, individuals with disabilities also have intrinsic goods such as the ability to learn sign language. By having both intrinsic goods and bads, a disabled person has an equalized wellbeing. An intrinsic bad according to Barnes does not affect a disabled person’s wellbeing, but is a separate aspect of their personality.
The contrasting theory to Barnes’ argument is the social model. The social model of mere-difference describes that there are no intrinsic differences between disabled and abled persons. Differences are solely a result of social pressures as the disabled are looked at as inferior. In a non-ableist society, moral claims 1 and 2 would be true because it would not matter whether a person is